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L`alba separa dalla luce l`ombra

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L`alba separa dalla luce l`ombra
Anna Caterina Antonacci
Donald Sulzen
L’alba separa dalla luce l’ombra
Dawn divides the light from the shadows
songs by
Hahn, Tosti, Cilea, Refice, Cesti & Respighi
Anna Caterina Antonacci
Donald Sulzen piano
soprano
Recorded live at Wigmore Hall, London
5 December 2011
‘The voice, a dark lustrous
instrument that can be
soprano or mezzo with
equal ardour, is clearly
in magnificent shape’
(The Times)
DDD
WHLive0054
C 2012 The Wigmore Hall Trust
P 2012 The Wigmore Hall Trust
Made & Printed in England
All rights reserved.
Unauthorized copying, hiring,
lending, public performance and
broadcasting prohibited.
LC 14458
Wigmore Hall
36 Wigmore Street
London W1U 2BP
www.wigmore-hall.org.uk
John Gilhooly Director
The Wigmore Hall Trust
Reg. Charity No. 1024838
REYNALDO HAHN
FRANCESCO CILEA
10 Serenata
from Venezia – Chansons en
dialecte vénitien
01
02
03
04
05
Sopra l’acqua indormenzada
La barcheta
L’avertimento
La biondina in gondoleta
Che peca!
(‘Mormorante di tenero desio’) 02.16
03.40
02.58
01.41
03.58
02.38
LICINIO REFICE
13 Ombra di nube
02.48
14 Intorno all’idol mio
Quattro canzoni d’Amaranta
Lasciami! Lascia ch’io respiri
L’alba separa dalla luce l’ombra
In van preghi
Che dici, o parola del Saggio?
02.22
02.10
ANTONIO CESTI
FRANCESCO PAOLO TOSTI
06
07
08
09
11 Nel ridestarmi
12 Non ti voglio amar
03.21
01.46
02.05
04.57
02.49
OTTORINO RESPIGHI
15 Sopra un’aria antica
05.32
encore
FRANCESCO PAOLO TOSTI
16 Marechiare (Canto Napoletano) 04.10
Total time: 50.30
‘DAWN DIVIDES THE LIGHT FROM THE SHADOWS’:
ANNA CATERINA ANTONACCI LIVE AT WIGMORE HALL
and prospect of its translation into song by an
artist blessed with consummate vocal gifts and
a strikingly vivid creative imagination proved
sufficient to fill the hall on 5 December 2011.
Antonacci and Donald Sulzen held their audience
spellbound for almost an hour on that grey
Monday afternoon, transporting hearts and minds
to the realm of Italian art-song and its rarely
explored province of la lirica da camera.
It may sound far-fetched to suggest that
traces of Antonacci’s stage presence have been
preserved on this recording. And yet something
of it survives here in the ritual intensity of the
singer’s music-making, the fluid deportment of
her messa di voce shadings and tantalising
glissandi, the silences she conveys between
songs and deploys to articulate phrases. There
is drama about her way with every song, not
artificially applied or uniformly contrived but
informed by the particular scope and innate
character of the lyrics and music of each work. The
conviction of Antonacci’s interpretations stems
above all from words and her ability to give clear
voice to shifting psychological states. While her
artistry has found a natural home on the opera
stage, delivering landmark performances of
Carmen and Cassandre, Medea and Poppea, it
remains alive to the myriad expressive possibilities of song. In close partnership with Donald
Sulzen at Wigmore Hall, she raised the ordinary
to the extraordinary, showing tender care for
the stories of Reynaldo Hahn’s blonde girl in
Winter’s chill and a leaden sky were easily
trumped by Anna Caterina Antonacci and the
seductive contents of her Wigmore Hall lunchtime
recital. Her programme’s title, L’alba separa dalla
luce l’ombra (‘Dawn divides the light from the
shadows’), projected the mood of Tosti’s eponymous work across a colourful landscape of Italian
art-song, genuine bel canto compositions rich in
tonal and emotional contrasts. The verbal imagery
REYNALDO HAHN
2
3
Music’), published in Florence in 1581. His
treatise included a sharp attack on the shortcomings of vocal counterpoint and condemnation
of the expressive excesses of the polyphonic
madrigal. The author urged fellow composers
to recreate the emotional breadth and natural
inflections of ancient Greek solo song. The arias
and solo madrigals of Giulio Caccini’s Le nuove
musiche of 1602, together with the so-called
stile rappresentativo or ‘theatrical style’ employed
in early 17th-century opera and songbooks, set
enduring benchmarks for the setting of words
to music, aspects of which later migrated into
vernacular repertories in France, England and
the German-speaking world. It took the shaping
forges of the Risorgimento and the unification
of Italy in 1871 to galvanize interest in the
peninsula’s historical legacy of song and inspire
native composers to enliven the repertoire with
new works.
The liriche da camera of Ottorino Respighi
stand among the finest songs created by la
generazione dell’ottanta, a group of composers
born around 1880 that included, among others,
Alfano, Casella, Malipiero and Pizzetti. Anna
Caterina Antonacci’s recital programme includes
a nod to early Italian solo song and the genre’s
enduring influence. Antonio Cesti’s Orontea,
almost certainly created in 1656 for the Teatro di
Sala in Innsbruck, includes ‘Intorno all’idol mio’.
The majestic aria was conceived to be sung in the
opera by Orontea, Queen of Egypt, as a tender
confession of love for the painter Alidoro. It
resurfaced as a free-standing work for voice and
the gondola and the enchanting Nana, while
awakening dreams of loves lost and experiences
gained.
‘I am often amazed by the contrast I notice
between the words uttered by a singer and the
expression he gives them’, observed Hahn in
his lecture Expressive Singing in Early Music. The
congruence of words and music mattered to the
Venezuelan-born French composer, conductor
and writer. Recordings of Hahn’s light baritone
voice reveal the artless simplicity of his delivery;
likewise, the natural balance of text and vocal line
is central to his Venezia, ‘six chansons in Venetian
dialect’, published in Paris in 1901. John Ruskin’s
romantic vision of the city of bridges, set out in
The Stones of Venice, circumscribed the route of
a cultural pilgrimage made in the spring of 1900
by Hahn, his friend and lover, Marcel Proust, the
future novelist’s mother, and Hahn’s cousin,
Marie Nordlinger. Hahn returned to Paris with
vernacular verse penned by, among others,
George Sand’s lover Pietro Pagello, Antonio
Lamberti and Pietro Buratti, which he promptly set
in the manner of Venetian street songs. Although
Lamberti’s ‘La biondina in gondoleta’ was already
familiar in the form of a popular song by Simon
Mayr, Hahn hoped that his setting would ‘speak
more directly’ to modern listeners ‘of the glorious
sensibility of love’.
Italian solo song owns an irregular history.
Vincenzo Galilei, father of the astronomer, set the
foundations for the art form’s remarkable early
flowering in his Dialogo della musica antica et
della moderna (‘Dialogue on Ancient and Modern
3
4
piano following the publication in 1885 of Arie
antiche. Alessandro Parisotti’s three-volume
anthology of ‘antique airs’ contained, according
to his preface, ‘the most fitting resources for the
purification of taste … gleaned from old manuscripts and ancient editions, where they lay in
unmerited oblivion’.
The distant past offered distinctive models for
Italian composers in search of a national musical
identity. For all his early international experience,
not least as lead violist of the Mariinsky Theatre
orchestra in St Petersburg and accompanist at
Etelka Gerster’s Berlin singing school, Respighi
turned to ancient Italian music for lessons in
the art of composition. ‘Sopra un’aria antica’
is the last of four settings of verse by Gabriele
d’Annunzio, the ultra-nationalist novelist, poet
and polemicist, completed in 1920 and published
seven years later as Quattro liriche dal Poemo
paradisiaco di Gabriele d’Annunzio. The song’s
lyrics emerge from unearthed memories of an old
aria, the symbol of vanished youth and present
decay. Respighi chose to recycle the melody of
Cesti’s ‘Intorno all’idol mio’, stated clearly in the
work’s wistful piano introduction and recalled
twice more as the song unfolds. The speech-like
vocal line periodically disrupts the ancient air’s
nostalgic mood, a compositional strategy exquisitely underlined by Anna Caterina Antonacci’s
parlando delivery of ‘Tu non mi perdoni se già su
la tempia baciata / i capelli son bianchi’.
Elegant simplicity was Francesco Paolo Tosti’s
stock in trade. It is likely that the sumptuously
bewhiskered musician, known above all for
FRANCESCO PAOLO TOSTI
his drawing-room ballads, created the Quattro
canzoni d’Amaranta at his home just a few streets
to the west of Wigmore Hall. The composer
chose to set four texts by d’Annunzio and clearly
reflected their heightened emotions and tragic
spirit in his four canzoni. The Amaranta of the title
is pseudonymous with Giuseppina Mancini, one
of d’Annunzio’s many lovers, who succumbed to
a mental illness during her relationship with the
notoriously egocentric poet. Antonacci and Sulzen
chart the wide expressive ambit of Tosti’s songcycle, instantly quickening the pulse with the unashamed sentimentality of ‘Lasciami! Lascia ch’io
respiri’ and connecting directly with d’Annunzio’s
Tristan-inspired love–death imagery. The Neapolitan lyricism and overt passion of Tosti’s setting of
‘L’alba separa dalla luce l’ombra’ matches the
sensual qualities of a text initially ruled by the
4
5
desire for night and death but crowned by the
prospect of sunlit immortality. Desolation holds
court throughout ‘In van preghi’, untroubled by
the song’s shifts from minor to major mode and
upward soaring vocal outbursts. ‘Che dici, o
parola del saggio?’ projects consoling words of
wisdom imagined by a soul travelling towards
death’s unknown region. Singer and pianist here
unveiled a reading graced with spellbinding
inflections, rhythmic changes and tonal chiaroscuro, transcending the song’s simple surface to
touch deeper thoughts of the ‘endless darkness’
that follows death.
Like Tosti, Francesco Cilea cut his musical
teeth at the Naples Conservatory. The Serenata
‘Mormorante di tenero desio’ appears to date
from his student years, crafted around 1885–6
in a popular style certain to find favour with the
rapidly expanding market for canzone Napolitana.
‘Non ti voglio amar’, published in Milan in 1890
soon after Cilea’s graduation, inhabits the refined
soundworld cultivated for the French salon, while
‘Nel ridestarmi’, an inspired product of 1923,
blends impressions of Debussy and Ravel with the
heart-on-sleeve realism of Cilea’s most successful
opera, Adriana Lecouvreur.
Tradition’s long reach touched the substance
of ‘Ombra di nube’. Refice’s song touched a wide
audience thanks to its first recording, cut in 1935
by the soprano Claudia Muzio not long before
her death. The composer, in common with Cesti,
studied music before taking holy orders. His
affecting setting of Emidio Mucci’s short poem
belongs to the past, its conservative style rooted
in simple harmonies and graced by little more
disturbing to the ear than shifts between A flat
major and F minor.
For her delicious encore, Anna Maria
Antonacci turned to the Tosti of Neapolitan
warmth and verve. Marechiare, a product of the
mid-1880s, belongs to the repertoire of the cafféconcerto, one of several new species of popular
entertainment that took off in late 19th-century
Italy. Its heart-on-sleeve melody, spiced by exotic
twists and turns, captures the sensual flavour of
lyrics cast by Salvatore Di Giacomo in the regional
dialect of Naples. An early critic described Tosti’s
song as ‘one of his best, being inspired by the
right spirit, passion and simplicity’; another
declared it to be a ‘song of an ethnic, truly Italian
artistic character that could never have been
written in any other hand’. Legend has it that the
composer inherited the arresting introduction of
Marechiare from an itinerant street musician, who
played the tune on the flute as a warm up for his
day’s work. Whatever the melody’s origin, Tosti
uses it to conjure up irresistible images of life and
love beside the sea.
Notes by Andrew Stewart © 2012
5
6
REYNALDO HAHN (1874–1947)
from Venezia – Chansons en dialecte vénitien (1901)
01 Sopra l’acqua indormenzada
Coi pensieri malinconici
No te star a tormentar:
Vien con mi, montemo in gondola,
Andaremo fora in mar.
Passaremo i porti e l’isole
Che circonda la cità:
El sol more senza nuvole
E la luna spuntarà.
Asleep on the water
Let not melancholy thoughts
distress you:
come with me, let us climb into our gondola,
and make for the open sea.
We will go past harbours and islands
which surround the city,
and the sun will sink in a cloudless sky
and the moon will rise.
Oh! che festa, oh! che spetacolo,
Che presenta sta laguna,
Quando tuto xe silenzio,
Quando sluse in ciel la luna;
E spandendo i cavel morbidi
Sopra l’acqua indormenzada,
La se specia, la se cocola,
Come dona inamorada!
Oh what fun, oh what a sight
is the lagoon
when all is silent
and the moon climbs in the sky;
and spreading its soft hair
over the tranquil waters,
it admires its own reflection
like a woman in love.
Tira zo quel velo e scòndite,
Che la vedo comparir!
Se l’arriva a descoverzarte,
La se pol ingelosir!
Sta baveta, che te zogola
Fra i caveli imbovolai,
No xe turbia de la polvere
De le rode e dei cavai. Vien!
Draw your veil about you and hide
for I see the moon appearing
and if it catches a glimpse of you
it will grow jealous!
This light breeze, playing
gently with your ruffled tresses,
bears no trace of the dust raised
by cartwheels and horses.
Se in conchigli ai Grevi Venere
Se sognava un altro di,
Forse visto i aveva in gondola
Una zogia come ti,
Ti xe bela, ti xe zovene,
Ti xe fresca come un fior;
Vien per tuti le so lagrme;
Ridiadesso e fa l’amor!
If in other days Venus
seemed to the Greeks to have risen from a shell,
perhaps it was because they had seen
a beauty like you in a gondola.
You are lovely, young,
and fresh as a flower.
Tears will come soon enough,
so now is the time for laughter and for love.
(Pietro Pagello, 1807–1898)
6
7
02 La barcheta
The little boat
The night is beautiful.
Make haste, Nineta,
let us take to our boat
and enjoy the evening breeze.
I have asked Toni
to remove the canopy
so that we can feel the zephyr
blowing in from the sea; Ah!
What bliss it is to exchange
sweet nothings
alone on the lagoon
and by moonlight,
to be borne along in our boat;
you can lay aside your fan, my dear,
for the breezes will vie with each other
to refresh you. Ah!
If among them
there should be one so indiscreet
as to try to lift the veil
shielding your breast,
pay no heed to its nonsense,
for we are all alone
and Toni is much too intent
on plying his oar. Ah!
La note è bela,
Fa presto, o Nineta,
Andemo in barcheta
I freschi a ciapar!
A Toni g’ho dito
Ch’el felze el ne cava
Per goder sta bava
Che supia dal mar. Ah!
Che gusto contarsela
Soleti in laguna,
E al chiaro de luna
Sentirse a vogar!
Ti pol de la ventola
Far senza, o mia cara,
Chè zefiri a gara
Te vol sventolar. Ah!
Se gh’è tra de lori
Chi troppo indiscreto
Volesse da pèto
El velo strapar,
No bada a ste frotole,
Soleti za semo
E Toni el so’ remo
Lè a tento a menar. Ah!
(Pietro Buratti, 1772–1832)
03 L’avertimento
The warning
Do not rush
so eagerly, lads,
after the charms
of the lovely Nana.
All is enchantment
in her, I grant you;
she is like a star
fallen to earth,
but... but... that lovely Nana
has the heart of a tiger!
No corè, puti,
Smaniosi tanto
Drio quel incanto
Che Nana g’ha
Xe tuto amabile
Ve acordo, in ela,
La xe una stela
Cascada qua
Ma... ma... La Nana cocola
G’ha el cuor tigrà.
7
8
L’ocio xe vivo
Color del cielo,
Oro el cavelo
Balsamo el fià;
Ghe sponta in viso
Do’ rose intate.
Invidia al late
Quel sen ghe fa
Ma... ma... La Nana cocola
G’ha el cuor tigrà.
Her eye is lively
and heavenly blue;
her hair is spun gold
and her breath a balm;
roses glow
in her cheeks,
her breasts are whiter
than milk,
but... but... that lovely Nana
has the heart of a tiger!
Ogni ochiadina
Che la ve daga,
Da qualche piaga
Voda no va!
Col so’ granelo
De furbaria
La cortesia
Missiar la sa...
Ma... ma... La Nana cocola
G’ha el cuor tigrà.
Every glance
she darts at you
carries its own
sweet poison!
Nor is guile
ever absent
from her
gentle manner...
but... but... that lovely Nana
has the heart of a tiger!
(Pietro Buratti)
04 La biondina in gondoleta
The blonde girl in the gondola
The other night I took
my blonde out in the gondola:
her pleasure was such
that she instantly fell asleep.
She slept in my arms
and I woke her from time to time,
but the rocking of the boat
soon lulled her to sleep again.
The moon peeped out
from behind the clouds;
the lagoon lay becalmed,
the wind was drowsy.
Just the suspicion of a breeze
gently played with her hair
and lifted the veils
which shrouded her breast.
La biondina in gondoleta
L’altra sera g’ho menà:
Dal piacer la povereta,
La s’ha in bota indormenzà.
La dormiva su sto brazzo,
Mi ogni tanto la svegiava,
Ma la barca che ninava
La tornava a indormenzar.
Gera in cielo mezza sconta
Fra le nuvole la luna,
Gera in calma la laguna,
Gera il vento bonazzà.
Una solo bavesela
Sventola va i so’ caveli,
E faceva che dai veli
Sconto el ento fusse più.
8
9
Contemplando fisso fisso
Le fatezze del mio ben,
Quel viseto cussi slisso,
Quela boca e quel bel sen;
Me sentiva drento in peto
Una smania, un missiamento,
Una spezie de contento
Che no so come spiegar!
As I gazed intently
at my love’s features,
her little face so smooth,
that mouth, and that lovely breast;
I felt in my heart
a longing, a desire,
a kind of bliss
which I cannot describe!
M’ho stufà po’, finalmente,
De sto tanto so’ dormir,
E g’ho fato da insolente,
No m’ho avuto da pentir;
Perchè, oh Dio, che bele cosse
Che g’ho dito, e che g’ho fato!
No, mai più tanto beato
Ai mii zorni no son stà.
But at last I had enough
of her long slumbers
and so I acted cheekily,
nor did I have to repent it;
for, God what wonderful things
I said, what lovely things I did!
Never again was I to be so happy
in all my life!
(Antonio Lamberti, 1845–1926)
05 Che pecà!
What a shame!
Do you remember those years, Nina,
when you were my one and only thought?
What torment, what rage, what anguish!
Never an hour of untroubled joy!
Luckily that time is gone.
But what a shame!
I saw only through your eyes;
I knew no happiness but in you...
what foolishness, what silly behavior;
oh, but now I take all as it comes
and no longer get agitated.
But what a shame!
You are lovely, and yet you are woman,
no longer perfection incarnate;
when your smile is bestowed on another,
I too can find solace elsewhere.
Blessed be one’s own freedom!
But what a shame!
Te recordistu, Nina, quei ani
Che ti geri el mio solo pensier?
Che tormento, che rabie, che afani!
Mai un’ora de vero piacer!
Per fortuna quel tempo xe andà.
Che pecà!
Ne vedeva che per i to’ oci,
No g’aveva altro ben che el to’ ben...
Che schempiezzi! che gusti batoci,
Oh, ma adesso so tor quel che vien;
No me scaldo po’tanto el figà.
Che pecà!
Ti xe bela, ma pur ti xe dona,
Qualche neo lo conosso anca in ti;
Co ti ridi co un’altra persona,
Me diverto co un’altra anca mi.
Benedeta la so’ libertà.
Che pecà!
9
10
Te voi ben, ma no filo caligo,
Me ne indormo de tanta virtù.
Magno e bevo, so star co’ l’amigo
E me ingrasse ogni zorno de più.
Son un omo che sa quel che’l fa...
Che pecà!
I still love you, but without all that torment,
and am weary of all that virtue.
I eat, drink, and enjoy my friends,
and grow fatter with every day.
I am a man who knows what he’s about...
but what a shame!
Care gondole de la laguna
Voghè pur, che ve lasso vogar!
Quando in cielo vien fora la luna,
Vago in leto e me meto a ronfar,
Senza gnanca pensarghe al passà!
Che pecà!
Lovely gondolas on the lagoon
row past, I’ll hold you back!
When the moon appears in the sky
I’ll take to my bed and snore
without a thought for the past!
But what a shame!
(Francesco dall’ Ongaro, 1808 –1873)
FRANCESCO PAOLO TOSTI (1846–1916)
Quattro canzoni d’Amaranta (1907)
06 Lasciami! Lascia ch’io respiri
Lasciami! Lascia ch’io respiri, lascia
Ch’io mi sollevi! Ho il gelo nelle vene.
Ho tremato. Ho nel cor non so che ambascia…
Ahimè, Signore, è il giorno! Il giorno viene!
Leave me! Let me breathe
Leave me! Let me breathe.
Let me rise! My veins are frozen.
I trembled. In my heart there is some unknown distress.
Alas, Lord, it is day; the day is dawning!
Ch’io non lo veda! Premi la tua bocca
Su’ miei cigli, il tuo cuore sul mio cuore!
Tutta l’erba s’insànguina d’amore.
La vita se ne va, quando trabocca.
Don’t let me see him! Press your mouth
on my eyes, your heart on my heart!
The grass is bloodstained with love.
Life ends when it is at its height.
Trafitta muoio, e non dalla tua spada.
Mi si vuota il mio petto, e senza schianto.
Non è sangue? Ahi, Signore, è la rugiada!
L’alba piange su me tutto il suo pianto.
I die, pierced, but not by your sword.
My heart is emptying, but there is no wound.
Is it not blood? Oh, my Lord, it is the dew!
Dawn is shedding all its tears on me.
07 L’alba separa dalla luce l’ombra
L’alba separa dalla luce l’ombra,
E la mia voluttà dal mio desire.
O dolce stelle, è l’ora di morire.
Un più divino amor dal ciel vi sgombra.
Dawn divides the light from the shadows
Dawn divides the light from the shadows,
and my sensual pleasure from desire.
O sweet stars, it is time to die.
A love more divine sweeps you from the skies.
10
11
Pupille ardenti, o voi senza ritorno
Stelle tristi, spegnetevi incorrotte!
Morir debbo. Veder non voglio il giorno,
Per amor del mio sogno e della notte.
Gleaming eyes, o you who’ll ne’er return,
sad stars, snuff out your uncorrupted light!
I must die. I do not want to see the day,
for love of my own dream and of the night.
Chiudimi, o Notte, nel tuo sen materno,
Mentre la terra pallida s’irrora.
Ma che dal sangue mio nasca l’aurora
E dal sogno mio breve il sole eterno!
Envelop me, o night in your maternal breast,
while the pale earth bathes itself in dew;
but let the dawn rise from my blood
and from my brief dream the eternal sun!
08 In van preghi
In van preghi, in vano aneli,
In van mostri il cuore infranto.
Sono forse umidi i cieli
Perché noi abbiamo pianto?
You beg in vain
You beg in vain, you yearn in vain,
in vain you show your broken heart.
Are the heavens soaked
with our tears?
Il dolor nostro è senz’ala.
Non ha volo il grido imbelle.
Piangi e prega! Qual dio cala
Pel cammino delle stelle?
Our grief is fixed.
The cowardly cry remains.
Weep and beg! Which is the god
who comes down on the path of the stars?
Abbandónati alla polve
E su lei prono ti giaci.
La supina madre assolve
D’ogni colpa chi la baci.
Give yourself up to the dust
and lie there prone.
The mother earth absolves from their sins
all those who kiss her.
In un Ade senza dio
Dormi quanto puoi profondo.
Tutto è sogno, tutto è oblìo:
L’asfodèlo è il fior del Mondo.
Sleep deeply
in a godless Hades.
All is a dream, all is oblivion:
the asphodel is the flower of the world.
09 Che dici, o parola del Saggio?
Che dici, o parola del Saggio?
‘Conviene che l’anima lieve,
Sorella del vento selvaggio,
Trascorra le fonti ove beve.’
Io so che il van pianto mi guasta
Le ciglia dall’ombra sì lunga...
O Vita, e una lacrima basta
A spegner la face consunta!
Ben so che nell’ansia mortale
Si sfa la mia bocca riarsa...
E un alito, o Vita, mi vale
A sperder la cenere scarsa!
What do the words of the wiseman say?
What do the words of the wiseman say?
‘The soul,
sister of the wild wind,
must pass the source where it would drink.’
I know that my useless weeping
has spoilt my long shady lashes...
Oh Life, one tear is enough
to put out this weak flame.
I know that my parched lips
are broken with mortal anguish...
and one single breath, oh Life
would scatter the few ashes.
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Tu dici: ‘Alza il capo; raccogli
Con grazia i capelli in un nodo;
E sopra le rose che sfogli
Ridendo va incontro all’Ignoto.
You say to me, ‘Lift your head gracefully,
coil your hair in a knot;
and laughing, with the roses you pluck,
go to meet the unknown.
L’amante dagli occhi di sfinge
Mutevole, a cui sei promessa,
Ha nome Domani; e ti cinge
Con una ghirlanda più fresca.’
The lover you are promised to,
with his mysterious, changing eyes,
is called Tomorrow; and he twines
a fresher garland around you.’
M’attende: lo so. Ma il datore
Di gioia non ha più ghirlande:
Ha dato il cipresso all’Amore
E il mirto a Colei ch’è più grande.
He is waiting for me, I know. But the Giver
of joy has no more garlands:
he has given the cypress to Love
and the myrtle to someone greater,
Il mirto alla Morte che odo
Rombar sul mio capo sconvolto.
Non tremo. I capelli in un nodo
Segreto per sempre ho raccolto.
to Death, which I can hear
thundering around my ravaged head.
I do not tremble. I have coiled my hair
into a secret, eternal knot.
Ho terso con ambe le mani
L’estreme tue lacrime, o Vita.
L’amante che ha nome Domani
M’attende nell’ombra infinita.
With both hands I have wiped
away your last tears forever, oh Life.
The lover called Tomorrow
is waiting for me in the endless darkness.
(Gabriele d’Annunzio, 1863–1938)
FRANCESCO CILEA (1866 –1950)
10 Serenata (1886)
Mormorante di tenero desio
Langue lontan la mesta serenata,
Ma s’arresta il canto mio
A la gelida soglia del suo cor.
Bianca fata, non vi scuote
La cadenza addolorata?
Non vi portan le mie note
Come un’onda di sospir?
O mia bianca idolatrata,
Di chi sognate, ahimé! sognate?
Fremo e canto e di dolor
Culla i vostri sogni d’or
La serenata.
Serenade
Murmuring with tender desire
the sad serenade languishes far off,
but my song stops short
at the gelid entrance to her heart.
White fairy, are you not moved
by the sorrowing cadence?
Does my song not bring you
the breath of my sighs?
Oh my white idol, alas,
of whom are you dreaming, of whom?
I tremble and sing and with sorrow,
may my serenade cradle
your golden dreams.
(Anonymous)
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11 Nel ridestarmi (1923)
Strano; ma adesso mi par bello il mondo,
E l’aborrivo ieri.
Quanto ho dormito! E che sonno profondo!
Anima mia, dov’eri?
Dov’eri, mentre come spugna in mare
Nei suoi meandri il core
Flusso e riflusso avea, senza
Provare desiderii o dolore?
Dov’eri, mentre la mia mente sorda
Si facea di pensieri,
Come armonica a cui non si dà corda
Anima mia, dov’eri?
On awakening
Strange; now the world seems beautiful
to me, and yesterday I hated it.
How long I slept! And how deeply!
My soul, where were you?
Where were you, while like a sponge in the sea
in its wanderings my heart
floated back and forth, without
feeling either desire or pain?
Where were you, while my mind
was deaf to thoughts,
like a harmonica without tune,
my soul, where were you?
(Felice Soffré, 1861–1927)
12 Non ti voglio amar (1890)
Amar non mi vuoi più, ma come
Mai se sfioro, pur a caso,
La tua man,
Provi una scossa,
E pallido ti fai
Solo ch’io ti riguardi da lontan?
Perché, sia che alla chiesa o spasso io vada,
T’incontro ad ogni svolta? di’ perché
Sempre piantato là giù nella strada
Con quegli occhioni tuoi rivolti a me?
E se un guardo sol ti rivolgessi
Di quelli, sai? Che ti facean gelar;
se una sola parola io ripetessi,
diresti ancora: ‘Non ti voglio amar’?
I want not your love
You want to love me no more, but
how is it that if I should by chance
touch your hand
you feel a shock,
and you become pale
if only I look at you from afar?
Why, whether going to church or for a walk,
do I meet you at every turn? Tell me why
always down there on the road
with your big eyes fixed on me?
And if a single look I gave you
of the kind, you know, that stopped you cold,
if I said a single word to you,
you would still say: ‘I want not your love’?
(Giuseppe Pessina)
LICINIO REFICE (1883–1954)
13 Ombra di nube (1935)
Era il ciel un arco azzurro di fulgor;
Chiara luce si versava sul mio cuor.
Ombra di nube, non mi offuscare;
Della vita non velarmi la beltà.
Shadow of a cloud
The sky was an arc of dazzling blue;
a brilliant light shone down on my heart.
Shadow of a cloud, do not bring me darkness;
do not obscure the beauty of life for me.
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Vola, o nube, vola via da me lontan;
Sia disperso questo mio tormento arcan.
Ancora luce, ancora azzurro!
Il sereno io vegga per l’eternità!
Fly, cloud, fly far away from me;
let this strange torment of mine be swept away.
Bring back the light, bring back the blue,
let me see the clear sky for all eternity!
(Emidio Mucci, 1888–1977)
ANTONIO CESTI (1623–1669)
14 Intorno all’idol mio
(from Orontea, 1656)
Intorno all’idol mio
Spirate pur, spirate
Aure soavi e grate;
E nelle guancie elette
Baciatelo per me, cortesi aurette.
Al mio ben, che riposa
Su l’ali della quiete,
Grati sogni assistete
E il mio racchiuso ardore
Svelategli per me, o larve d’amore.
Gentle, pleasant breezes
Gentle, pleasant
breezes, blow
around my beloved;
and kiss his noble cheeks
kind breezes, for me.
To my beloved,
sleeping on the wings of peace,
bring happy dreams
and reveal to him my hidden passion,
on my behalf, phantoms of love.
(Giacinto Andrea Cicognini, 1606–1651)
OTTORINO RESPIGHI (1879–1936)
15 Sopra un’aria antica (1920)
On an old aria
(from Quattro liriche, No. 4)
Non sorgono (ascolta,
ascolta) le nostre parole
da quell’aria antica?
Io t’ho dissepolta.
E al fine rivedi tu il sole,
tu mi parli, o amica!
Are these not our words that arise
(listen, listen)
from that old aria?
I’ve brought you back from the dead.
And at last you see the sun again,
you speak to me, o friend!
Queste tu parlavi
parole. Non odi? Non odi?
Ma chi le raccolse?
Da gli alvei cavi
del legno i tuoi modi
sorgono, che il vento disciolse.
These were the words you used to say.
Don’t you hear? Don’t you hear?
But who received them?
From the carved wooden cavities
your ways resurface,
dispersed by the wind.
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Dicevi: ‘Io ti leggo
nel cuore. Non mi ami.
Tu pensi che è l’ultima volta!’
La bocca riveggo
un poco appassita. ‘Non m’ami.
È l’ultima volta.
You said: ‘I read in your heart.
You don’t love me.
You think it’s the last time!’
I see again your mouth
a little shrivelled. ‘You don’t love me.
It’s the last time.
Ma, prima che tu m’abbandoni
il vóto s’adempia.
Oh, fa che sul cuore io ti manchi!
Tu non mi perdoni
se già su la tempia
baciata i capelli son bianchi?’
But, before you abandon me,
the vow will be fulfilled.
Oh, may you miss me in your heart!
Will you forgive me
if now, on the temple you used to kiss,
my hair is already white?’
Guardai que’ capelli,
su quel collo pallido i segni
degli anni; e ti dissi: ‘Ma taci!
Io t’amo’. I tuoi belli
occhi erano pregni
di lacrime sotto i miei baci.
I looked at your hair,
on that pale neck, for signs
of the passing years; and said to you ‘Be quiet!
I love you’. Your beautiful eyes
were full of tears
under my kisses.
‘M’inganni, m’inganni’
rispondevi tu, le mie mani
baciando. ‘Che importa?
Io so che m’inganni;
ma forse domani
tu m’amerai morta.’
‘You deceive me, you deceive me,’
you answered, kissing my hands.
‘Does it matter?
I know you deceive me;
but perhaps tomorrow
you’ll love me once I’m dead.’
Profondo era il cielo
del letto; ed il letto profondo
come tomba, oscuro.
Era senza velo
il corpo; e nel letto profondo
pareva già impuro.
Deep was the canopy of the bed;
and the deep bed,
like a tomb, dark.
The body had no veil;
and in the deep bed
it seemed already impure.
Vidi per l’aperto
balcone un paese
lontano solcato da un fiume
volubile, chiuso da un serto
di rupi che accese
ardeano d’un lume
I saw through the open balcony
a distant land
rutted by a meandering stream,
enclosed by a wreath of cliffs
that burned brightly
with a vermilion light,
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vermiglio, nel giorno
estivo; ed i vènti
recavano odori
degli orti remoti ove in torno
andavano donne possenti
cantando tra cupidi fiori.
in the summer day;
and scents wafted in
with the wind
from the distant gardens where
impressive women were walking about
singing amid sensuous flowers.
(Gabriele d’Annunzio)
encore
FRANCESCO PAOLO TOSTI
16 Marechiare (Canto Napoletano)
Quanno sponta la luna a Marechiare
pure li pisce nce fann’ a l’ammore,
se revotano l’onne de lu mare,
pe la priezza cagneno culore
quanno sponta la luna a Marechiare.
When the moon rises over Marechiare,
even the fish tremble with love.
In the bosom of the sea,
the waves surge and with joy alter their colour
when the moon rises over Marechiare.
A Marechiare nce sta na fenesta,
pe’ la passione mia nce tuzzulea,
nu carofano adora int’a na testa,
passa l’acqua pe sotto e murmuléa.
A Marechiare nce sta na fenesta
Ah! Ah!
A Marechiare, a Marechiare,
nce sta na fenesta.
In Marechiare there is a window,
where the wings of my passion beat,
a carnation perfumes the air,
beneath it the water murmurs.
In Marechiare, there is a window,
Ah! Ah!
In Marechiare, in Marechiare,
there is a window.
Chi dice ca li stelle so lucente
nun sape l’uocchie ca tu tiene nfronte.
Sti doje stelle li saccio io sulamente
dint’a lu core ne tengo li ponte.
Chi dice ca li stelle so lucente?
Whoever says that the stars shine brightly
has never seen the splendour of your eyes.
I know too well their burning rays
whose shafts pierce my heart.
Whoever says that the stars shine brightly?
Scetate, Carulì, ca l’aria è doce.
quanno maie tanto tiempo aggio aspettato?
P’accompagnà li suone cu la voce
stasera na chitarra aggio portato.
Scetate, Carulì, ca l’aria è doce.
Ah! Ah!
O scetate, o scetate,
scetate, Carulì, ca l’area è doce!
Awaken, the evening is all-enchanting,
and never have I waited so long for you!
Tonight to harmonise my song
I’ve brought my own guitar.
Awaken, the evening is all-enchanting.
Ah! Ah!
Awaken, awaken,
awaken, the evening is all-enchanting!
(Salvatore Di Giacomo, 1860–1934)
English translations of the Hahn song texts by Laura Sarti
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Also available on Wigmore Hall Live
from all good record shops and from www.wigmore-hall.org.uk/live
TCHAIKOVSKY, MUSORGSKY and NED ROREM
Gerald Finley · Julius Drake
WHLive0025
‘A genuine treat, this, and not to be missed’
(Gramophone); ‘A really superb recital … a strongly
recommended disc’ (BBC Music Magazine)
WOLF
Wolfgang Holzmair · Imogen Cooper
WHLive0029
‘Rarely have I heard so sensitive, intelligent and
gloriously musical a partnership … I was transfixed
by the sheer artistry’ (The Independent)
SCHUBERT, WOLF, FAURÉ and RAVEL
Simon Keenlyside · Malcolm Martineau
WHLive0031
‘The greatest lyric baritone of our time, indeed one
of the greatest of any time’ (BBC Music Magazine)
WOLF, STRAUSS
Angelika Kirchschlager · Roger Vignoles
WHLive0040
‘A miniature master-class in Lieder singing … Art
not artifice, and that is the best compliment that
one can pay to this fine recital’ (International
Record Review)
SCHUBERT, SIBELIUS, GRIEG
Miah Persson · Roger Vignoles
WHLive0052
New
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ANNA CATERINA ANTONACCI
Born in Ferrara, at the age of 19 Anna Caterina
Antonacci started singing in the choir of the Teatro
Comunale di Bologna. In 1988 she won the Verdi
Competition in Parma and Callas at the RAI, and
immediately afterwards was given the role of
Elisabetta in Maria Stuarda opposite Katia
Ricciarelli and directed by Gabriele Lavia followed
by Elcia in Mose’ in Egitto, Orazie in Orazi and
Ermione, all in Rome.
Embracing both soprano and mezzo-soprano
roles, Anna Caterina’s extraordinary vocal timbre
and great acting skills have enabled her to
perform many works from the seventeenth and
eighteenth centuries including Monteverdi,
Purcell (Dido and Aeneas), Handel (Rodelinda,
Agrippina), Gluck (Armida, Alceste), Paisiello
(Nina, Ossia la pazza per amore), Mozart (Così fan
tutte, Don Giovanni, Idomeneo, La Clemenza di
Tito) and Cherubini (Medea). An acclaimed interpreter of Rossini, she has sung La cenerentola,
Ermione, Semiramide, Mose’ in Egitto, La donna
del lago and Otello, and has had equal success
with Bellini (Norma, I capuleti e Montecchi)
Donizetti (Maria Stuarda), Verdi (Un giorno al
regno, Falstaff), Bizet (Carmen) and Massenet
(Don Quichotte, Werther). She has also sung
contemporary music, including Tre Veglie by Fabio
Vacchi at the Salzburg Festival (1998) and Vita by
Marco Tutino at La Scala in 2003.
Anna Caterina also works regularly with major
conductors including Riccardo Muti, Claudio
Abbado, John Eliot Gardiner, William Christie,
Andrew Davis, Sir Colin Davis, Sir Antonio
Pappano, Yannick Nézet-Séguin, and with
directors including Graham Vick, Sir David
McVicar, Hugo De Ana, Pier Luigi Pizzi, Piero
Faggioni, Mario Martone and Yannis Kokkos.
Anna Caterina has also been awarded the
‘Chevalier de l’Ordre National de la Légion
d'honneur’, the highest national distinction
bestowed by the French Republic. She also
records for the Naïve label and her first recording
of Era la Notte has received great acclaim.
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DONALD SULZEN
Donald Sulzen is one of the few pianists who has
attained international recognition in two realms of
classical music. Not only is he a collaborator with
some of the worlds most celebrated singers, such
as Anna Caterina Antonacci, Laura Aikin, Thomas
Cooley and James Taylor, but is also the pianist of
the renowned Munich Piano Trio.
Under the instruction of Joseph Banowetz and
Harold Heiberg he took a summa cum laude
Master of Music degree in Music at the University
of North Texas. He then moved to Europe to
specialise in German song through masterclasses
with Martin Katz, Geoffrey Parsons and John
Wustman. His extensive concert activity includes
tours through the most prestigious recital halls
of Europe, the USA, South America and Japan.
Numerous performances on radio and television
as well as more than thirty recordings for Orfeo
International, Toshiba-EMI, Koch International,
Genuin, Arte Nova, CPO and Amati document the
high artistic level of this pianist.
After teaching for several years at the
Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst
‘Mozarteum’ in Salzburg, he accepted a professorship for the instruction of song duos at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Munich, where he
presently resides. Since 2001 Donald Sulzen has
been the official pianist of the Munich Piano Trio.
Produced by Steve Portnoi and Jeremy Hayes; Engineered by Steve Portnoi www.outhouseaudio.com
Recorded live at Wigmore Hall, London, on 5 December 2011
Director: John Gilhooly; Wigmore Hall Live — General Manager: Darius Weinberg
Photography by Benjamin Ealovega; photograph on p.19 supplied courtesy of Donald Sulzen
Manufactured by Repeat Performance Multimedia, London
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