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LOGISTICS + WHAT TO DO IN MILAN UNDERSTANDING

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LOGISTICS + WHAT TO DO IN MILAN UNDERSTANDING
LOGISTICS + WHAT TO DO
IN MILAN
UNDERSTANDING,
LEARNING, AND
INNOVATING:
THE AGRICULTURE AND
FOOD SYSTEMS
SUSTAINABILITY
CHALLENGE
MEETING LOCATION
Palazzo Clerici
Via Clerici, 5
1
LOGISTICS + WHAT TO DO IN MILAN0
Global Alliance International Dialogue
RESTAURANTS IN MILAN
Milan is home to a plethora of fabulous restaurants. Please feel free to
discover “la cucina Milanese” on your own, or book a table at one of the
following restaurants during your stay:
Don Lisander
Via Manzoni 12/A – Milano
Metro: M3 Yellow Line – Montenapoleone
www.ristorantedonlisander.it/index.php
Refettorio Simplicitas
Via dell’orso 2 – Milano
Metro: M3 Yellow Line – Montenapoleone
www.refettoriomilano.it
Giacomo Arengario Restaurant
Via Guglielmo Marconi, 1 – Milano
Metro: M1 Red Line / M3 Yellow Line – Duomo
www.giacomoarengario.com/index-en.php
Pizzeria Fresco&Cimmino
Via Hugo Foscolo, 4 – Milano
Metro: M1 Red Line / M3 Yellow Line – Duomo
www.frescocimmino.it
Maio Restaurant
Piazza Duomo, la Rinascente Food Hall on floor 7 – Milano
Metro: M1 Red Line / M3 Yellow Line – Duomo
www.maiorestaurant.com
QuattroMori Restaurant
Largo Maria Callas, 1 – Milano
Metro: M1 Red Line – Cairoli
www.ristorantequattromori.it/en/home.html
Eataly Milano Smeraldo
Piazza XXV Aprile, 10 – Milano
Metro: M2 Green Line – Garibaldi/Moscova
www.eataly.net/it_en/shops/milan-smeraldo/restaurants
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LOGISTICS + WHAT TO DO IN MILAN0
Global Alliance International Dialogue
La Terrazza di via Palestro
Via Palestro, 2 – Milano
Metro: M3 Yellow Line – Turati / M1 Red Line – Palestro
www.laterrazzadiviapalestro.com
WHAT TO DO IN MILAN
Duomo Cathedral
Commissioned by Gian Galeazzo Visconti, construction of the Cathedral
started in 1386. It is the third largest church in the world after St. Peter’s in
Rome and after the Cathedral of Seville. It is overall made of marble, with
immense statues (about 3500), arches, pillars, pinnacles. The highest
pinnacle has on its top the statue of the Virgin Mary, best known as the
Madonnina, a gold-plated symbol of the city. The terraces on the roof
represent a unique innovation in the construction of cathedral roofs. There
are 201 steps to climb in order to get to the top and once there, you will
have a breathtaking view of the whole city, with good weather you can even
see the Italian and Swiss Alps. They have a surface of 8,000 mq which is
covered with Candoglia marble (a particular pit on the Lago Maggiore)
continuously maintained.
Piazza del Duomo – Milano
Metro: M1 Red Line / M3 Yellow Line – Duomo
Sforzesco Castle
Walking distance from the Duomo lies the impressive castle of the
Renaissance Sforzesco family that once ruled Milan. The Castle is one of
the symbols of Milan together with the Madonnina and the Galleria Vittorio
Emanuele II. Built in ten years between 1358 and 1368 under Galeazzo II
Visconti, the castle was later severely damaged by the allied bombardment
of Milan in 1943 during World War II. One of the rooms of Ducal Court, the
Sala delle Asse is thought to have been frescoed by Leonardo Da Vinci.
Piazza Castello – Milano
Metro: M1 Red Line – Cairoli
Santa Maria delle Grazie - Leonardo Da Vinci Last Supper,
Cenacolo Vinciano
Santa Maria delle Grazie is a splendid example of Lombard Renaissance
architecture. The church was built between 1466 and 1490 by Giuniforte
Solari and later partly modified by Bramante. The Refectory of the
Dominican convent contains one of Italy’s best known masterpieces of art:
Leonardo Da Vinci’s Last Supper (1495-1497). The work was
commissioned by Ludovico Sforza, also known as il Moro. Leonardo
created the illusion that the refectory continues beyond the end wall, so
that spectators can imagine themselves as participants in this event.
L’Ultima Cena is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1980.
3
LOGISTICS + WHAT TO DO IN MILAN0
Global Alliance International Dialogue
May be viewed with reservations only.
Piazza St Maria delle Grazie 2 – Milano
Metro: M1 Red Line – Conciliazione/Cadorna
Sant’ Ambrogio Basilica
The Romanesque Basilica of Sant' Ambrogio is dedicated to Milan's patron
saint, Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, who founded the church in the 4th
century. The church is one of the most ancient churches in Milan and most
historically medieval buildings in Lombardy.
Piazza Sant’ Ambrogio 15 – Milano
Metro: M2 Green Line – Sant’ Ambrogio
Brera Art Gallery
The Pinacoteca di Brera is the main museum of Milan, and one of the most
important in the world for its prestigious collections of ancient and modern
painting. The Brera Art Gallery offers a large collection of works of the likes
as Mantegna, Raphael, Piero della Francesca, Caravaggio, Bellini,
Canaletto, Tintoretto and more. Brera is an ancient district of Milano, full of
history, art, culture. The Brera district has always been the beloved area of
artists, who met at small bars, later called "caffè letterari" (literature
coffees).
Via Brera 28 – Milano
Metro: M2 Green Line – Lanza
CONTACT INFORMATION
If you require additional information, please contact Giulia Serio at
mailto:[email protected]
4
guide
to the
city
Comune di Milano
Settore Politiche del Turismo
e Marketing Territoriale
Via Dogana, 2
20121 Milano
Director
Massimiliano Taveggia
Development and
monitoring of tourism
Sergio Daneluzzi
Local promotional portal
Patrizia Bertocchi
Content supervision
Mauro Raimondi
Published by
Iniziative Speciali
De Agostini Libri S.p.A.
Director
Andrea Pasquino
Product Manager
Licia Triberti, Davide Gallotti
Editorial project
Federica Savino
Editing and
Iconographic Research
Marco Torriani with
Alessandra Allemandi
Graphic Design and Layout
Sandra Luzzani with
Vando Pagliardini
Text by
Monica Berno
Technical Prepress Services
Andrea Campo
Technical Coordination
Guido Leonardi
Download the App “Milan. Guide to the City” for:
In the Guide, activate the
QR codes on your smartphone:
each itinerary has a code
offering access to the
Guide’s special content.
Photo credits
DeAgostini Picture, Archivio
Alinari, Alessandro Casiello,
Marco Clarizia, Contrasto, Corbis,
Gianni Congiu, Marka, Mauro
Ranzani, Andrea Scuratti, Vando
Pagliardini, Michela Veicsteinas
Updated May 2014
contents
Introduction
2
Map of the city/Center of the city
4
Milan and its History
8
1 Exploring the City Centre
10
2 Ancient Roman and Medieval Milan
12
3 The Renaissance and the Baroque
14
4 The Neoclassical Age and the 19th-Century 16
5 The Great Churches of Milan
18
6 The Buildings of Milan
22
7 The Museums of Milan
26
8 Contemporary Art in Milan
30
9 Milan: a City of Science
34
10 Parks and Navigli
36
11 Shopping in Milan
40
12 Entertainment, Sports and Leisure
42
13 Outside Milan
44
Expo Milano 2015
46
Useful Information
48
Welcome
Dealing with a great city like Milan demands a comprehensive
overview, which is why we have prepared this handy, complete
guidebook, offering the key to the treasures of the city and its
surroundings.
We have chosen a simple format, ideal when strolling around the
city, comprising 13 itineraries covering art, history, culture and
nature. Essential, up-to-date information will guide you through
the best the city has to offer, as well as to a number of unexpected
treasures off the beaten track, just waiting to be explored.
This guidebook is our way of welcoming you to our city, and of
thanking you for choosing Milan. We are certain you won’t be
disappointed. For centuries, Milan has captured the interest of
the world by its dynamism, creativity and innovation. This energy
reflects the love of life its inhabitants have ever offered to Europe
and the world at large.
While sauntering through the streets of Milan, visiting its museums
and basilicas, doing a spot of shopping, or exploring the ancient
waterways of Lombardy, you will find yourselves drawn into the
special atmosphere of the city, sharing in its positivity and drive.
Milan loves nothing better than a challenge, and the 2015 Word
Expo will be no exception. The city is preparing to open its doors
to the world, and of course to you. This guidebook is our answer
to an equally important challenge, that of enticing you back to
Milan, attracted by that subtle fascination that welcomes and
enchants all.
Enjoy your stay in Milan.
Giuliano Pisapia
Mayor of Milan
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Artistic monument
Civil building, sports centre
Artistic civil building
Other buildings
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6
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7
The first traces of a settlement in the Milan area date back to the 6th-5th century B.C.,
when the area was inhabited by the Insubrian Gauls. The village’s Celtic name, which
has come down to us in its Latinised form, Mediolanum, seems to have meant “land
amidst the rivers” or “the plains”. Finally conquered by the Romans in 194 B.C., the
city became the residence of Emperor Maximian and capital of the Western Roman
Empire in A.D. 286. After the A.D. 313 Edict of Constantine - promulgated in Milan it became a centre of great importance due to the consolidation of the new
Christian religion thanks to the work of Ambrose, elected Bishop in 374. Many of
The scrofa semilanuta, Milan’s churches (such as Sant’Ambrogio, Sant’Eustorgio and San Lorenzo) are in fact of
paleochristian origin. When the court moved to Ravenna (A.D. 402), Milan saw the
or half-woolly sow, in a
bas-relief on the Palazzo beginning of a period of decline. From the end of the 5th century to the 8th century
della Ragione recalling
the city was devastated by Attila and the Huns, by Goths and by Byzantines; following
the legendary origins
the Lombard conquest of 569, the new kingdom set up its capital in Pavia.
of the city’s name.
Not until the Carolingian period (9th–10th century) did the city become an important
Belloveso, chief of the
Celts, founded Milan
centre again, above all thanks to its count-bishops. In the 12th century the growth
in the place where a
of the city of Milan attracted the attention of Emperor Frederick I of Swabia, who
half-woolly sow (“medio
lanae” in Latin) had been attempted to subdue it and, when faced with resistance, destroyed it completely in
1162. The alliance of the Communes of the Po Valley, which joined forces in the
found just as the oracle
had predicted.
Lombard League (1167), defeated Barbarossa (Legnano, 1176) and rebuilt the city.
Milan and its History
The Biscione is
another symbol of the
city of Milan, along
with St. George’s
cross and the Scrofa
Semilanuta.
The dragon, in the
form of a serpent in
the act of consuming
a young man, was the
heraldic charge of the
Visconti family.
The age of the free communes ended under the dominion of the Torriani family
and then the Viscontis (1277-1301, 1311-1447). In these 170 years Milan was
the capital of a vast duchy, and construction of the Duomo began (1386). Upon the
death of Filippo Maria Visconti in 1447, the absence of an heir led to the three-year
government of the Aurea Repubblica Ambrosiana, without placating the conflict
between the city’s most important families over inheritance of political control. In
1450 the city fell into the hands of a captain of fortune, Francesco Sforza, and it
was under his dynasty that Milan became one of the capitals of the Renaissance,
thanks to the many artists who worked in the city (including Filarete, Bramante and
Leonardo da Vinci); this was the time of construction of the Ospedale Maggiore,
Cappella Portinari and the Lazzaretto. In the early 16th century the area around
Milan became the theatre of conflict between the French and Spanish monarchies.
The Spanish prevailed, and were to dominate the city for almost two centuries
(1535-1713). These were hard times, times of great social inequality, of plague
(1576 and 1630) and the domination of the Borromeo family. The first member of
this family, St. Carlo, made Milan a stronghold of the Catholic Counter-Reformation;
the second, Federico, opened its first public library, the Ambrosiana, and the picture
gallery of the same name. In 1713 control of Milan passed from the Spanish to the
Austrians. Under Empress Maria Theresa of Austria (1740-1780) and her son Joseph
II (1780-1790) the city began to thrive again in every way, from the economy to the
arts. The Accademia di Brera was founded, and the Teatro alla Scala, the Palazzo and
Villa Reale and many neoclassical palaces were built. On 15 May 1796 Napoleon
came into the city at the head of the French army. One year later Milan became the
8
capital of the Cisalpine Republic, and then, in 1805, of
the Kingdom of Italy: Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned in
the Duomo. With the return of the Austrians (1814) the
unification of Italy, known as the Risorgimento, began in
Milan. In 1848 the city rose against the Austro-Hungarians,
winning the revolt after five days of battle. But not until
1859 did Milan join the Savoy dominions, and in 1861 it
became a part of the Kingdom of Italy, soon becoming
its economic capital. The new wealth soon drastically
altered the city’s historic centre, where banks and insurance
companies set up their headquarters and elegant new
districts were built (often with little regard for the city’s
past history). The city’s many industries attracted labourers,
and a new working class arose, represented at first by
the Partito Operaio or Workers’ Party (1882) and then by
the Partito Socialista Italiano, the Italian Socialist Party
(1892). By the end of the century the political climate was
incandescent, and the tension led to the 1898
repression of a popular uprising by the army under general
«Everything is wonderful in Milan, the abundance of every thing, the number
and elegance of its palatial homes, the amicable disposition of the people; the cheerful living…»
Decimius Magnus Ausonius, 4th century A.D.
Bava Beccaris, who shot cannon fire into crowds protesting against the increase in
the price of bread, killing 80 people and injuring 450. In the years following the First
World War, the city of Milan saw more times of great social tension and economic
hardship. It was here that Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919: the regime
made a great mark on the city, changing its face forever with the (controversial)
covering over of the canals (Navigli) and the construction of a number of public
works (Palazzo di Giustizia, Palazzo dell’Arte, Fiera campionaria). During the Second
World War Milan was heavily bombarded by the Allies, and the city was in the
front lines of the fight against fascism following 1943, becoming the seat of the
Partisans’ Northern Italian Command, earning the city a Gold Medal of the Resistance.
When the conflict was over, the capital of Lombardy became the engine driving
reconstruction of the country and the leader in an economic boom which saw the
city grow and transform with the arrival of thousands of immigrants. From 1967
on, workers’ and students’ protests and then the strategy of tension led to further
changes in the city’s character. The Banca dell’Agricoltura massacre in Piazza Fontana
(12 December 1969) ushered in a time of violent political struggle and terrorist
attacks which did not end until the early ’80s. The rest is recent history, in which the
city of Milan is at the centre of an irreversible process of urban development
resulting from almost total deindustrialisation. Large-scale projects such as City Life,
Portello and Cascina Merlata are changing the look of the land. With Expo Milano
2015 the city will undergo further architectural and urban change starting with
the huge complex that will be built beside the new Milan Trade Fair.
A process of renewal which is not only urban, but social and cultural as well.
9
Top: an episode of the
Five Days of Milan
depicted in a painting
by Baldassarre Verazzi.
Between 18 and 22
March 1848 the people
of Milan rebelled
against the AustroHungarian army,
setting up barricades.
Above: The laying of
the first stone in the
Gallery, by Domenico
Induno. It was 7 March
1865 and King Vittorio
Emanuele II attended.
1
PIAZZA DEL DUOMO
2
DUOMO
3
GALLERIA VITTORIO
EMANUELE II
4
PIAZZA DELLA SCALA
5
PALAZZO MARINO
6
TEATRO ALLA SCALA
7
SANTA MARIA
DEL CARMINE
8
PALAZZO DI BRERA
9
PINACOTECA
DI BRERA
10
SAN MARCO
1
The rooftop terraces
of the Duomo offer
splendid views over
the city, but visitors
must climb 919 steps
to get to them! On
the Gran Guglia, the
cathedral’s highest
spire, rises the
Madonnina, symbol
of Milan ever since
the tricolour flag
appeared on the spire
during the Five Days
in 1848, hung there
by the patriot Torelli
when the Austrian
snipers had fled
from the roof of the
cathedral.
Exploring the
The first place anyone who lives in Milan will take a first-time visitor is of course
Piazza del Duomo, the geographical and historical centre of Milan. The existing
piazza is the result of a series of changes and expansions over the centuries; at one
time it was very small, surrounded by medieval houses and palaces. The cathedral
must have been a very impressive sight as one emerged from a narrow alleyway.
Between 1865 and 1873 a large churchyard was created, surrounded by palaces
with arcades, changing the Duomo’s emotional impact. The piazza contains the
Duomo, the Palazzo Reale [> p. 16/24], the Arengario [> p. 22/30], the arcades
and the Galleria; in the centre is the equestrian monument to King Vittorio Emanuele.
The Duomo [> p. 18], symbol of the city, is of uncertain date. Its construction
may have begun in 1386, as we may read on a small stone at the beginning
of the first bay on the right in the church: “El principio dil domo di Milano fu
nel’anno 1386”. We can say for sure that work on the facade began in the first
half of the 16th century. The “Fabbrica del Duomo” was an endless task: the
last door was not completed until 1965! The marble mass is of exceptional size,
and is one of Europe’s biggest Gothic cathedrals, measuring 158 m long, 93 m
wide and 108.5 m high at its highest spire. To the left of the cathedral is the
19th century Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II [> p. 17] linking Piazza del Duomo
with Piazza della Scala, where the two main buildings face one another: Palazzo
Marino [> p. 24] on one side and Teatro alla Scala on the other [> p. 17], the
world’s best-known opera theatre. The left arcade covers the entrance to the
Museo Teatrale alla Scala [> p. 28].
We continue our tour on the street running along the side of the theatre, via
10
Verdi, to via Brera. Here we turn to the left into via del Carmine to a small
square containing the church of Santa Maria del Carmine, the parish church
for English-speaking immigrants, where mass is celebrated every week in
English and in Tagalog, the most important language of the Philippines. It has
a complicated and curious history: originally built in the 15th century, it has
been repeatedly rebuilt and restored, and the Spanish ordered its bell tower
lowered in 1664. We continue along via Brera to the impressive 17th-century
Palazzo di Brera, home to the Pinacoteca, the Accademia di Belle Arti and the
Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense. This is the heart of the Brera district, with its
artists, poets and crowded bars. The Baroque Palazzo di Brera has a solemn
facade, a noteworthy portal - framed by the columns supporting the balcony - a
beautiful courtyard and a majestic grand staircase (Scalone d’Onore) leading to
the famous Pinacoteca [> p. 28]. At the corner of via Fatebenefratelli and via
Pontaccio, we turn right into via San Marco, home of the church and convent
where Mozart stayed. This is where the “Tombon” of San Marco opened up, a
little lake marking the end point of the Naviglio or canal [> p. 37], a port where
goods were unloaded off barges. The church of San Marco dates back to the
13th century and still has its original portal, bell tower and a number of statues.
The interior has been redone in Baroque style.
City Centre
Blocks of marble
for the construction
of the Duomo were
brought from Lago
Maggiore via the Ticino
River, the Naviglio
Grande and the “fossa
interna dei navigli”, the
city’s inner circle of
canals, up to the little
lake of Santo Stefano, an
artificial pool between
the hospital and the
church of Santo Stefano.
«...(the Duomo seems) a delusion of
frostwork that might vanish with a breath!...»
Mark Twain
Left: Galleria
Vittorio Emanuele
II, covered
passageway in a
Latin cross shape,
featuring mosaics and
a wrought iron and
glass roof.
Lower left: Teatro
alla Scala, the
world’s best-known
opera theatre.
Lower right: inside
the church of San
Marco. It was here
that the “Messa
da Requiem” for
Alessandro Manzoni
was celebrated
under the direction
of Giuseppe Verdi in
1874. The church’s
extraordinary
acoustics make it
a favourite concert
venue for the most
important institutes
of music in Milan.
11
1
CIVICO MUSEO
ARCHEOLOGICO
2
SAN MAURIZIO
3
RUINS OF THE
IMPERIAL PALACE
4
RUINS OF THE ROMAN
THEATRE AND FORUM
5
SAN SEPOLCRO
6
ROMAN
AMPHITHEATRE AND
ARCHAEOLOGICAL
SITE
7
SAN LORENZO
MAGGIORE
8
PARCO DELLE
BASILICHE
9
SANT’EUSTORGIO
10
SAN NAZARO
MAGGIORE
2 Ancient Roman and
11
SAN SIMPLICIANO
12
SANT’AMBROGIO
13
PIAZZA DEI MERCANTI
14
PALAZZO DELLA
RAGIONE
15
CAMPANILE DI SAN
GOTTARDO IN CORTE
16
SANTO STEFANO
MAGGIORE
17
SAN BERNARDINO
ALLE OSSA
16 Roman columns
dating back to the
Imperial age stand
before the facade
of San Lorenzo
Maggiore. In the
middle is a bronze
copy of the statue of
Emperor Constantine
recalling the Edict
of Milan.
Few traces remain of the Milan that was the capital city of the Western Roman
Empire, as its monuments have been demolished over the ages to reuse the
building materials. To get an idea of what the city was like in those days, start
at the Civico Museo Archeologico [> p. 26], an archaeological museum housed
in the extraordinary setting of an 8th century monastery, Monastero Maggiore
di San Maurizio, of which only the church of San Maurizio [> p. 19] remains
along with the entrance cloister. The park inside the museum contains the only
surviving tower from the ancient Roman walls, called Torre di Ansperto. This
was the location of a 1st century A.D. home and a big Roman circus, of which
one of the two square towers still stands, transformed into a bell tower for the
church. The ruins of a building that was part of the imposing Imperial Palace,
the Palazzo imperiale built towards the end of the 3rd century, are visible in
nearby via Brisa, where we may also see the remains of ancient Roman baths.
The late 1st century B.C. Theatre is buried underneath the Palazzo della Borsa
[> p. 24], home to the city’s stock exchange, in Piazza degli Affari (open to
visitors on request only). Of course the city of Mediolanum also had a Forum (1st
century A.D.), underneath the Biblioteca Ambrosiana [> p. 28]; its floor is now
visible in the lower church of San Sepolcro [> p. 19]. The Roman city had places
for entertainment and places of worship outside the city gates; just outside Porta
Ticinese was an Amphiteatre built in the 2nd to 3rd century – now part of the
Parco Archeologico, archaeological site in via De Amicis 17, joined to “Alda
Levi” Antiquarium – and the basilica of San Lorenzo Maggiore [> p. 18]. The
church, built in the 4th and 5th centuries, has maintained its original form, and
12
the adjacent chapel preserves Roman and paleochristian artefacts. We now cross
the Parco delle Basiliche [> p. 37] to Sant’Eustorgio [> p. 20], a basilica with
a complex layout (dating back to the 7th to 12th centuries) incorporating the
structure of a paleochristian chapel and tombs. Bishop Ambrose had three other
basilicas built in addition to San Lorenzo Maggiore: San Nazaro Maggiore
[> p. 19], in corso di Porta Romana, San Simpliciano [> p. 20], behind via
Solferino, and the “basilica Martyrum” now known as Sant’Ambrogio [> p. 20],
a splendid example of the Lombard Romanesque style. All three offer specimens
of late Roman and paleochristian sculpture.
The medieval city centre was built around the Duomo. Piazza dei Mercanti, home
to Palazzo della Ragione [> p. 23] and Palazzo dei Giureconsulti [> p. 23], was the
centre of civic life in the middle ages, and it was under its arcades that traders, money
changers and notaries met to discuss business. Behind the cathedral, incorporated in
the rear part of the Palazzo Reale, is a red brick bell tower: it and the apse are all that
remains of the 14th century palatine church of San Gottardo in Corte. Across via
Larga, in little Piazza Santo Stefano, are two more places of worship: the basilica of
Santo Stefano Maggiore – Romanesque but altered in the 16th and 19th centuries –
and the medieval church of San Bernardino alle Ossa, known for its Ossuary Chapel,
with its unusual decorations made up of human bones.
Medieval Milan
Behind the
basilica of San
Lorenzo is Piazza
Vetra, where alleged
witches and
malefactors were
executed. A statue of
St. Lazarus stands on
the exact spot where
the condemned
breathed their last.
«...(Milan) shines adorned by the
various aspects of a perspicuous culture…»
Anonymous Lombard, 8th century
Top left: the ruins
of the Roman
amphitheatre,
an imposing arena
measuring about 160
x 125 m.
Top right: the diatreta
trivulzia is a 4th
century Roman cage
cup, a glass vessel in
a cage made by an
unknown technology,
now in the Civico
Museo Archeologico.
Below: Piazza dei
Mercanti with the
well in the middle
(dating back to the
16th century) which
was originally on the
other side, where the
so-called “stone of the
bankrupt” was located.
This is where debtors
sat before giving up
all their property and
being imprisoned in
nearby “Malastalla” jail.
13
1
“CA’ GRANDA”
2
CASTELLO SFORZESCO
3
SANTA MARIA
DELLE GRAZIE
4
SAN VITTORE
AL CORPO
5
SANTA MARIA PRESSO
SAN SATIRO
6
SANT’ALESSANDRO
7
SANT’EUFEMIA
8
SANTA MARIA PRESSO
SAN CELSO
3 The Renaissance and
The Torre del
Filarete is the
tower characterising
Castello Sforzesco,
“recreated” on
the basis of two
sketches found by
chance in the abbey
of Chiaravalle and
a farmhouse in
Pozzobonelli.
The round fountain
ornamenting the
piazza replaces the
earlier “Torta di Spùs”
(“Wedding Cake”)
which was removed
in the ‘60s to permit
construction of the
city’s first subway line.
On 12 April 1456 Duke Francesco Sforza laid the first stone of the “Ca’ Granda”
and started work on the construction of what was to be Europe’s most advanced
hospital of its day. Begun by Antonio Averulino, known as Filarete, it was the
Ospedale Maggiore, the biggest hospital in Milan, until 1939: in 1943 it was severely
damaged by bombs and then radically rebuilt. It is now home to the Università degli
Studi, with its very long facade on via Festa del Perdono. At that time Filarete also
worked on one of the best-known symbols of medieval and Renaissance Milan:
Castello Sforzesco, transforming it from a fortress to a stately palace for the Duke.
The work began in 1368 under Galeazzo II Visconti and the lords of Milan lived
there until the 16th century, when it became a military citadel again. It risked
demolition, but was restored and transformed starting in 1893 by Luca Beltrami, an
architect interested in the study of antiquity. It is now an important cultural centre
and home to the Musei del Castello [> p. 26]. Not far away is Santa Maria delle
Grazie [> p. 20/26], a jewel of the Renaissance and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In this fascinating part of Milan we may find numerous memories of Leonardo da
Vinci, not only in the former Dominican monastery next to the church where he
painted his “Last Supper” but also in the garden behind Palazzo delle Stelline (across
from the church), known as “Orti di Leonardo”, with the vineyard which Ludovico
il Moro, Duke of Milan, had given Leonardo. The great Tuscan painter spent more
than 20 years in Milan, where he painted the two versions of the “Virgin of the
Rocks” and “Musician” (in the Pinacoteca Ambrosiana) and invented hydraulic
machinery and war machines. Near the church (at via San Vittore 25), set back in
a little piazza, is another of Italy’s most beautiful late Renaissance churches: the
14
basilica of San Vittore al Corpo. Rebuilt between 1560 and 1602 by the Olivetans
who lived in the nearby monastery (now home to the city’s science museum, Museo
della Scienza e della Tecnologia), the church has three naves decorated with white
and gold plasterwork and 17th century canvases.
Another suggested itinerary starts near the Duomo, in via Torino, home to the church
of Santa Maria presso San Satiro, offering valuable testimony of Renaissance Milan.
The most striking thing about the church’s tiny interior is the famous fake presbytery
by Bramante, a painted virtual space creating the illusion of a deep apse. Continuing
along the street, turn left into via Lupetta and walk to the piazza containing the
church of Sant’Alessandro, built by the Barnabite Fathers in the 17th century. We
are now in the Baroque age, and the facade and elegant bell towers suggest the
atmosphere of the interior with its abundance of canvases. In nearby Corso Italia, the
piazza of the same name is dominated by the church of Sant’Eufemia, a national
monument preserving noteworthy 16th century paintings of the school of Leonardo.
Continuing along the street, we come to the sanctuary of Santa Maria presso San
Celso, a beautiful example of Lombard Renaissance architecture: the 16th century
courtyard surrounded by arcades in front of the church is a true masterpiece. It is
a centuries-old tradition that Milanese brides take a bouquet to the icon of the
Madonna exhibited in this church right after their weddings.
the Baroque
Its perfect
acoustics made
the church of
Sant’Eufemia the
perfect location
for recording Maria
Callas singing
opera in the ’50s:
“I puritani”,
“Cavalleria rusticana”
and “La sonnambula”.
«Today, Milan is the most opulent
and bounteous city of Italy.»
Matteo Bandello
Left: the false
presbytery designed
by Bramante in the
church of Santa
Maria presso San
Satiro. On the main
altar is a votive fresco
of the Madonna col
Bambino, which is
said to have bled
when struck by a
gambler’s dagger in
the Middle Ages.
Above: the arcade
on the great inner
courtyard of Ca’
Granda.
Below: a section of
the Spanish walls
around the inner ring
road. Only a portion
of the original 10
km of walls is visible
today.
15
1
PALAZZO REALE
2
PALAZZO
ARCIVESCOVILE
3
CORSO VITTORIO
EMANUELE II
4
SAN CARLO AL
CORSO
5
SAN BABILA
6
PALAZZO
SERBELLONI
7
PALAZZI CASTIGLIONI
E BOVARA
8
VILLA BELGIOJOSO
BONAPARTE O REALE
9
PALAZZO DUGNANI
10
ARCO DELLA PACE
4 The Neoclassical Age
11
ARENA CIVICA
“GIANNI BRERA”
12
GALLERIA VITTORIO
EMANUELE II
13
TEATRO ALLA SCALA
14
SAN FEDELE
15
CASA DEGLI
OMENONI
16
PALAZZO
BELGIOIOSO
When the court
moved to Castello
Sforzesco, Palazzo
Reale became the
seat of the Spanish
government and then
the Austrian governor,
Archduke Ferdinand I,
who thoroughly
renovated it.
The 18th century was a time of intense construction in Milan, and the responsibility
for the look of the new city lies above all with Giuseppe Piermarini, court architect of
Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, who designed the Teatro alla Scala and renovated
the Palazzo Reale [> p. 10/24] and, in 1770, the nearby Palazzo Arcivescovile in
neoclassical style. The Porta Venezia area was another focus of the architect’s attention,
as it was the gateway to the city for anyone arriving from Austria, which is why he
constructed so many noble palaces there. An itinerary for discovery of this part of the city
might start at the northeast corner of Piazza del Duomo, in Corso Vittorio Emanuele II.
On the right is a very tall archway to the Galleria del Corso, and under the arcades on the
opposite side we may observe, in a niche, the stone statue of a noble Roman in a toga,
whose head has been replaced with that of a 10th century bishop. Known as “Omm de
Preja” or “scior Carèra”, the statue was used as a notice-board in the early 19th century
for affixing comments, messages and satirical notes. Where the street widens out near its
end is the neoclassical church of San Carlo al Corso with its facade recalling a classical
temple. Corso Vittorio Emanuele opens up into the piazza containing the old church of
San Babila, one of the most important Romanesque churches in Milan (11th century),
which was however reconstructed in neo-Romanesque style in the mid-19th century.
Turning into Corso Venezia, on the corner with via San Damiano one is struck by the
imposing Palazzo Serbelloni (1793): once the meeting place of the Milanese Illuminists
and later home to Napoleon, Metternich, Vittorio Emanuele II and Napoleon III. Just
beyond it are Palazzo Castiglioni [> p. 23] and Palazzo Bovara, in severe neoclassical
style, famous for having hosted Stendhal in 1800. On the opposite side of Corso
Venezia stands Palazzo Saporiti, built in 1812. In nearby via Palestro we may admire
16
one of the most beautiful creations of neoclassical Milan: Villa Belgiojoso Bonaparte,
known as Villa Reale [> p. 24/31], with its beautiful garden [> p. 36]. In front of it
is a park, Giardini Pubblici Indro Montanelli [> p. 36] designed by Piermarini in the
Italian style. Right by the park is 18th-century Palazzo Dugnani [> p. 24/36]. In the
early 19th century two new constructions were built in Milan: the Arco della Pace (in
vast Piazza Sempione) and the Arena Civica [> p. 43], a look back at the world of
antiquity. Going back to Piazza del Duomo, we may take a second itinerary starting
with Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II (built in the second half of the 19th century in
honour of the King of Italy), a covered street which represented Italy’s first use of
glass and iron as structural materials and joined the Duomo to La Scala. Piermarini’s
Teatro alla Scala was inaugurated in 1778 with a melodrama by Antonio Salieri and
became famous as a “temple of opera” under Arturo Toscanini (1898-1908). Behind
the piazza is the church of San Fedele, completed in 1835. Not far away is via
Omenoni with the beautiful Casa degli Omenoni (1562-1565) [> p. 22], leading to
the little piazza containing Palazzo Belgioioso [> p. 22], commissioned of Piermarini
in 1772. Dating back to the late Nineteenth Century the Cimitero Monumentale,
©
“Monumental Cemetery” (designed in 1863), is a real “open air museum” teeming
with artistic masterpieces (visits are possible). The Memorial Chapel houses the remains
of many famous people (such as Alessandro Manzoni, Salvatore Quasimodo etc…)
The Galleria,
with its 47
metre high dome,
has been imitated
repeatedly in Italy
and abroad, and
provided the model
for construction
of countless shopping
centres in Canada
and the United
States.
and the 19th-Century
Left: the church
of San Carlo al
Corso is a splendid
neoclassical complex.
Preceded by a
Corinthian arcade,
under a huge dome,
the church is a
variation on the
Pantheon.
Left, above: the inner
courtyard of Palazzo
Clerici, an example of
18th century patrician
architecture in Milan.
Left, below: Arena
Civica “Gianni
Brera” has hosted
naval battles, circuses,
and a skating rink.
Buffalo Bill and his
“circus” of caravans
and real Indians
performed a
“Wild West Show”
here in 1906.
17
1
DUOMO
2
SAN LORENZO
MAGGIORE
3
SAN MAURIZIO
AL MONASTERO
MAGGIORE
4
SAN NAZARO
MAGGIORE
5
SAN SEPOLCRO
6
SAN SIMPLICIANO
7
SANT’AMBROGIO
8
SANT’EUSTORGIO
9
SANTA MARIA
DELLE GRAZIE
10
SANTA MARIA
INCORONATA
5
The Great Churches
Filarete, Leonardo Da Vinci, Bramante,
Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Bernini,
Bergognone, Luini, Gaudenzio
Ferrari… these are only a few of the
best-known artists who have made
Milan and its churches so great.
“...From far away it
looks as if it has been
cut out of a sheet of
white paper, but as we
approach we realise
that the lace cut-outs
are undeniably made
of white marble...”. So
said Heinrich Heine in
1826, and the marvel
we experience before
the Duomo is still just
the same today.
Duomo [> p. 10]
Piazza del Duomo. The symbol of
the Lombard capital; dedicated to
Santa Maria Nascente (St. Mary
Nascent). Construction started under
Gian Galeazzo Visconti, most likely
1386, and its origins are legendary:
the story is that the devil appeared to
the lord of Milan one night, offering
to save his life if he would build a
huge church in which Satan’s image
appears repeatedly. And the 96 Satanic
gargoyles confirm the story…
Construction continued until the 19th
century, and in fact the people of Milan
still speak of tasks that “take as long as
18
the construction of the Duomo”.
The impressive interior reveals the
cathedral’s vertical Gothic spirit. It
contains numerous works of art:
the tomb of Gian Giacomo Medici
by Leone Leoni (1563); a wooden
choir (1572-1620); a Holy Nail from
the Cross of Jesus preserved in a
tabernacle inside a crucifix above the
choir; a number of 15th and 16th
century stained glass windows; the
Candelabro Trivulzio, a bronze work
largely of Gothic manufacture, of the
German school; a Sundial; the Scurolo
of San Carlo by Richini (1606) with
an urn containing the body of Carlo
Borromeo.
San Lorenzo Maggiore [> p. 12]
Corso di Porta Ticinese 39. Preceeded
by an Imperial Roman colonnade, the
basilica is a truly striking sight.
Its essential features are those of a
late 17th century church, but as it was
built incorporating a paleochristian
building, it is considered the most
important surviving testimony of
Roman and paleochristian Milan. In its
central interior, it is worth visiting the
chapel of Sant’Aquilino with its 4th
century mosaics.
San Maurizio al Monastero Maggiore
[> p. 12]
Corso Magenta 15. The church is a
16th century jewel, completely covered
with frescoes on the inside, mostly by
Bernardino Luini.
San Nazaro Maggiore
Piazza San Nazaro in Brolo 5. One of
the four basilicas founded by Bishop
Ambrose (382-386 A.D.), and one of the
oldest in the city; the majority of the
existing structure is original. Before it is
of Milan
the Trivulzio chapel (1512-1520 A.D.),
mausoleum of the commander Gian
Giacomo Trivulzio, buried here with his
two wives. On the stone is a Latin text
which some historians have translated
into Milanese: “L’è staa mai cont i man
in man” (he never did sit idle).
San Sepolcro [> p. 12]
Piazza San Sepolcro. Built in 1030
in the Forum of Roman Milan, it
was rebuilt by the founder’s greatgrandson when he got back from
the first crusade (1096-1099) in
imitation of the Holy Sepulchre of
Jerusalem. The sarcophagus in the
centre of the nave is said to contain
soil from the Holy City brought back
by the Crusaders and a lock of Mary
Magdalene’s hair.
According to an
ancient tradition,
the Duomo is where
risotto alla milanese was
“born”, invented by a
boy who worked for the
stained glass artist Valerio
di Fiandra, nicknamed
“zafferano” for his habit
of adding spices to his
colours. One day he put
some saffron in the rice
as well, and the result
was a great success!
«Amidst your stones and your mists/I holiday. I rest
in Piazza / del Duomo. Instead of stars/it lights
up with words every night...» Umberto Saba, Milano
Left: the great
Renaissance tribune
on the church of
Santa Maria delle
Grazie was built by
Ludovico il Moro as a
family tomb.
Left, above: the
interior of the church
of San Maurizio,
with frescoes by
prominent 16 century
Lombard artists.
Bottom, left: the church
of San Sepolcro, the
Baroque style interior
was completed
under the guidance
of Cardinal Federico
Borromeo; the façade
however, underwent
alterations in the
late 1800s and
was transformed
into Lombard
Romanesque style.
19
4
5
Next to the
basilica of
Sant’Ambrogio is
a Roman column.
According to the
legend, the two holes
in it were made by
the devil’s horns
when he was “nailed”
here by St. Ambrose.
In a compartment
in the Portinari
chapel is an urn
containing the skull of
St. Peter the Martyr,
who traditionally
protects against
headache. The
Inquisition took place
in the nearby convent.
San Simpliciano
Piazza San Simpliciano 7.
The last of the four basilicas St.
Ambrose had built on the outskirts of
the city. Of Romanesque construction,
founded in the 4th century and
rebuilt in the 19th century, it contains
a fresco by Bergognone, “Coronation
of the Virgin” (1515). Organ concerts
are regularly held here.
Basilica di Sant’Ambrogio [> p. 13]
Piazza Sant’Ambrogio 15. Bishop
Ambrose founded the basilica in 379
as a “basilica Martyrum” on the tombs
of Saints Gervasius and Protasius and
was himself buried here in 397. Its
current Romanesque appearance is
the result of thorough changes and
reconstructions between the 9th and
that starts at the Duomo at Epiphany.
The bell tower also recalls the Three
Wise Men, for in place of the cross it
has an 8-tipped star like the one that
guided them to Bethlehem at its tip.
Since 2011, the facade and the chapels
have been permanently lit up at night.
But the true jewel of the basilica is
the Portinari Chapel, the highlight
of Renaissance architecture in Milan,
entirely covered with frescoes, with
the upper parts by Vincenzo Foppa
(1466-1468).
Santa Maria delle Grazie [> p. 14/26]
Piazza Santa Maria delle Grazie 2.
A splendid example of Renaissance
architecture, best known for Leonardo
da Vinci’s Last Supper, the Cenacolo
di Leonardo [> p. 14/26], with an
The Great Churches of Milan
12th centuries as well as modern
restoration work.
Before the basilica is the solemn foyer
of Ansperto, concealing the facade
from passersby on the street. Inside the
church are a 10th century ciborium
above the gold altar, a masterpiece of
the Carolingian goldsmiths’ art, and
the crypt. The apse is decorated with a
big 6th to 8th century mosaic.
Sant’Eustorgio [> p. 13]
Piazza Sant’Eustorgio. Behind the
facade, redone in Romanesque style
in 1862-1865, stands another very
important and ancient place of
worship. The basilica is a stratified
construction including parts from
the 7th, 11th and 12th centuries.
Linked with the worship and relics of
the Three Wise Men, which tradition
would have brought to the city by St.
Eustorgius, the church is the end point
of the parade of the Three Wise Men
20
imposing Renaissance tribune added
in 1492.
In the oldest part of the church (in the
Gothic style) are frescoes by Gaudenzio
Ferrari and Marco d’Oggiono, as
well as a monument to Ludovico il
Moro. The 15th century “Madonna
delle Grazie” in the left chapel of the
tribune was much venerated during
the plagues of the 16th and 17th
century. In the chapel on the right
was Titian’s “Crowning with thorns”,
which the French took to Paris in the
late 18th century, now in the Louvre.
A door on the left leads to a little
cloister attributed to Bramante.
Santa Maria Incoronata
Corso Giuseppe Garibaldi 116. It has
a bipartite facade which is reflected in
the interior with its twin naves. The
two buildings were probably originally
separate and only joined together later
on (1484).
Left: the dome of the
Portinari Chapel
in the basilica of
Sant’Eustorgio.
The frescoes concealed
under seven layers of
plaster were restored to
their original splendour
by restoration work
between 1952 and 1965.
Lower left: the interior
of the basilica of
San Simpliciano
contains the relics
of three martyrs:
Sisinius, Martirius and
Alessandro.
Lower right: the
Ansperto foyer, a
majestic courtyard
flanked by double
arcades leading
to the basilica of
Sant’Ambrogio.
21
1
ARENGARIO
2
CASA DEGLI OMENONI
3
CASA DI MANZONI
4
CASA FONTANA
SILVESTRI
5
GRATTACIELO PIRELLI
6
PALAZZO BAGATTI
VALSECCHI
7
PALAZZO BELGIOIOSO
8
PALAZZO BORROMEO
9
PALAZZO CASTIGLIONI
10
PALAZZO CLERICI
11
PALAZZO DEI
GIURECONSULTI
12
PALAZZO DEL SENATO
13
PALAZZO DELLA
RAGIONE
6
14
PALAZZO DELLE
STELLINE
15
PALAZZO DI
GIUSTIZIA
16
PALAZZO DUGNANI
17
PALAZZO LITTA
18
PALAZZO LOMBARDIA
19
PALAZZO MARINO
20
PALAZZO
MEZZANOTTE
21
PALAZZO REALE
22
PALAZZO SAPORITI
23
TORRE VELASCA
24
VILLA NECCHI
CAMPIGLIO
25
VILLA REALE
The twin Arengario
buildings in Piazza del
Duomo.
The Buildings
Milan’s buildings are part of the city’s
cultural heritage, telling the city’s
long history in different styles for
different ages.
Arengario [> p. 10/30]
Piazza Duomo. The twin pavilions of
the Arengario were designed in the
thirties to give the piazza a more
monumental appearance. They now
house the Museo del Novecento.
Casa degli Omenoni [> p. 17]
Via Omenoni 3. Eight statues of men
(“omenoni”) decorate the facade of the
16th century residence of Charles V’s
sculptor, Leone Leoni.
Casa di Alessandro Manzoni
Via Morone 1. The home where the
writer lived with his family between
1814 and 1873, now containing the
Museo Manzoniano.
Casa Fontana Silvestri
Corso Venezia 10. A Renaissance
22
palace (1475), one of Milan’s oldest
homes, with a beautiful courtyard and
14th century ruins.
Grattacielo Pirelli [> p. 30]
Piazza Duca d’Aosta. Home to the offices
of the Region of Lombardy since 1978.
127 metres high, it was designed by Gio
Ponti and associates in collaboration with
Pier Luigi Nervi. On 18 April 2002 a small
plane crashed into the skyscraper; a
memorial on the 26th floor commemorates
the victims of the accident.
Palazzo Bagatti Valsecchi
Via Santo Spirito 10/via Gesù 5. A
19th century home built to imitate a
16th century palace, now containing
the Museo Bagatti Valsecchi.
Palazzo Belgioioso [> p. 17]
Piazza Belgioioso 1. A neoclassical
work built in 1772-81 by Piermarini,
inspired by Luigi Vanvitelli’s Reggia di
Caserta. Considered one of the city’s
architectural treasures.
of Milan
Palazzo Borromeo
Piazza Borromeo 10. An example of a
home in the Gothic style, with late Gothic
frescoes in one of the rooms inside (private,
but open to visitors on appointment only).
Palazzo Castiglioni [> p. 16]
Corso Venezia 47. By Giuseppe
Sommaruga (1900-1904), is the emblem
of Italian Art Nouveau.
Palazzo Clerici
Via Clerici 5. Home to ISPI, the Institute
for International Political Studies, this
18th century building has a Tapestry
Gallery with a vaulted ceiling featuring
frescoes by Tiepolo (1741); on the walls
are four 17th century tapestries. Guided
tours may be booked at www.ispionline.it
Palazzo dei Giureconsulti [> p. 13]
Piazza Mercanti. All that remains of the
original building constructed in 1561
is the name, for the building has been
repeatedly renovated and now houses
the city’s Chamber of Commerce.
«Man has never looked so small
as in the Galleria»
Franz Kafka
Palazzo del Senato
Via Senato 10. Built in the 17th century,
it was home to the Senate under
Napoleon’s rule and now contains the
National Archives. Across from the building
is a bronze sculpture by Joan Miró.
Palazzo della Ragione [> p. 13]
Piazza Mercanti. Also known as Broletto
Nuovo, a true symbol of the Middle Ages
in Lombardy. Built in 1233, it contained
the offices of the City until 1789. It has
a single majestic hall: the Sala della
Ragione. Across from it is the Loggia
degli Osii, built in 1316, the loggia from
which the magistrates proclaimed their
edicts and sentences.
Palazzo delle Stelline
Corso Magenta 61. A 16th century
palace which is now a landmark for the
city’s cultural life and congresses. It was
originally the “Ospedale dei mendicanti”,
a charitable institution which became the
city’s principal orphanage for girls. The
23
Clockwise: the
grand staircase of
Palazzo Castiglioni;
the Valtellina style
bedroom in Museo
Bagatti-Valsecchi;
the rococo facade
of Palazzo Litta;
the Alessi room in
Palazzo Marino
and the current
reception hall.
Alessi hall
in Palazzo
Marino is where
Manzoni’s remains
lay in state in 1873.
4
6
Two other
important
sixteenth century
buildings: Palazzo
Isimbardi (Corso
Monforte 35), the
headquarters of the
Milan provincial
government which
houses a painting by
Giovanbattista Tiepolo,
and Palazzo Sormani
(Corso di Porta Vittoria
6) which is home to
the Milan Central
Public Library with
its interesting
Sala del Grechetto.
term “stella”, star, is still used in Milan to
refer to little girls. The building now
contains Museo Martinitt e Stelline,
documenting the orphanage.
Palazzo di Giustizia
Corso di Porta Vittoria 20. Piacentini
and Rapisardi built this building in
1932-1940 in response to the fascist
regime’s demand for monumental
constructions: it contains 1,200 rooms
and 65 courtrooms arranged on four
levels around a monumental courtyard.
Palazzo Dugnani [> p. 17/36]
Via Manin 2. An 18th century palace
containing a ballroom decorated with
frescoes by Tiepolo (open to visitors on
appointment only). One of the most
popular buildings for parties and gatherings
of nobles between 1758 and 1846.
Palazzo Mezzanotte [> p. 12]
Piazza degli Affari. Historic home to the
Stock Exchange, built in 1931 by Paolo
Mezzanotte on the site of an ancient
Roman theatre dating back to the age of
Augustine.
Palazzo Reale [> p. 10/16]
Piazza del Duomo 12. A 14th century
duke’s palace converted to its current
form by Piermarini (1778). One of Milan’s
most important exhibition centres; in
1951 Pablo Picasso chose it as the site
for his “Guernica”, as an emblem of the
destruction of war, as the building had
been heavily bombed In 1943 and lost all
the decorations in its halls.
Torre Velasca [> p. 30]
Piazza Velasca 5. A 26 floor skyscraper
built in 1956 -1957 by studio BBPR (Banfi,
The Buildings of Milan
Palazzo Litta
Corso Magenta 24. Built in 1648
by Francesco Maria Richini, with a
beautiful rococo facade and a dramatic
arcaded courtyard.
Palazzo Lombardia
Via Restelli, via Melchiorre Gioia.
This impressive building by Pei Cobb
Freed, Caputo and SD Partners, is the
main seat of the Lombardy Regional
government. At the top of the tower
there is a statue of the Madonnina
(a smaller copy of the one on the
Duomo), which had always sat
on top of the Pirelli Tower.
Palazzo Marino [> p. 10]
Piazza della Scala 2. A palace built in
1558 for tax collector Tomaso Marino
which then became the seat of the
city government until 1860. The wall
overlooking Teatro alla Scala dates from
1889. This is where the Nun of Monza
in Manzoni’s “The Betrothed” was born.
24
Belgiojoso, Peressutti, Rogers). Its
unusual shape makes it a well-known
landmark on the city’s skyline. It was added
to the protected buildings list in 2011.
Villa Necchi Campiglio [> p. 30]
Via Mozart 14. Designed by the Milanese
architect Portaluppi (1932-1935), this
museum-home is an example of a Rationalist
style private villa from the Thirties. It houses
a collection of early 20th century art works
by Claudia Gian Ferrari. It is owned by the
FAI – Fondo per l’Ambiente Italiano.
Villa Belgiojoso Bonaparte or Villa Reale
[> p. 17/31]
Via Palestro 16. An outstanding example of
Milanese neoclassical architecture, built in
1790 by Leopold Pollack, the villa has a
courtyard on the side facing the street, while
its facade provides the backdrop for an
English-style garden. It was home to Napoleon
and Eugenio di Beauharnais, as well as
Radetzky, who died there (1857-1858). It
now contains the Galleria di Arte Moderna.
Left: Giovanni Battista
Tiepolo’s 1731
frescoes decorate the
ballroom in Palazzo
Dugnani.
Lower left: one of
the inner courtyards
in the 17th century
Palazzo del Senato.
The double order
of loggias was
something truly new
at the time, and was
very well received.
Lower right: the
home of Alessandro
Manzoni where
the author is said to
have held spiritualist
sessions and
experiments with
magnetism, much in
vogue at the time.
25
1
CASA MUSEO BOSCHI
DI STEFANO
2
CENACOLO VINCIANO
3
CIVICO MUSEO
ARCHEOLOGICO
4
GALLERIE D’ITALIA
5
MUSEO INTERATTIVO
DEL CINEMA
6
MUSEI DEL CASTELLO
SFORZESCO
7
MUSEO BAGATTI
VALSECCHI
8
MUSEO DEL DUOMO
9
MUSEO DEL ‘900
10
MUSEO DELLA
PERMANENTE
11
MUSEO DIOCESANO
12
MUSEO INTER E MILAN
7
13
MUSEO E CASA
DI ALESSANDRO
MANZONI
14
MUSEO POLDI PEZZOLI
15
MUSEO STUDIO
FRANCESCO MESSINA
16
MUSEO TEATRALE
ALLA SCALA
17
PALAZZO MORANDO
COSTUME MODA
IMMAGINE
18
PINACOTECA
DI BRERA
19
MUSEO DEL
RISORGIMENTO
20
VENERANDA
BIBLIOTECA
AMBROSIANA
21
WOW SPAZIO
FUMETTO
Basket of fruit
(1594-1598) a work by
Caravaggio on exhibit
in the Pinacoteca
Ambrosiana.
The Museums
How many museums are there in
Milan? A lot! The city offers unique
glimpses of every form of culture, from
figurative art to the sciences, from
ancient history to the recent past.
section, an Early Middle Ages section
and a special exhibition on music.
Gallerie d’Italia
Via Manzoni 10. The Fondazione Cariplo
and Intesa Sanpaolo collections are housed
in the halls of Palazzo Anguissola, Palazzo
Brentani and in the historical headquarters
Casa Museo Boschi Di Stefano
Via Jan 15. Contains a selection of more of the Banca Commerciale. These include
works by 19th Italian masters as well
than 200 works donated to the City of
as a section dedicated to 20th century
Milan: masterpieces by Carrà, Fontana,
masterpieces.
De Chirico, Sironi, De Pisis, Boccioni...
Museo interattivo del Cinema (MIC)
Cenacolo di Leonardo [> p. 14/20]
Viale Fulvio Testi 121. Interactive film
Piazza Santa Maria delle Grazie.
The dining hall of the monastery Santa museum featuring exhibits about the
Maria delle Grazie contains one of Italy’s origins of film, images from some of
best-known masterpieces of art: Leonardo the many films made in Milan, games.
Da Vinci’s “The Last Supper” (1495-1497), Musei del Castello Sforzesco [> p. 14]
Piazza Castello. Its art collections are what
on the UNESCO World Heritage List since
1980. May be viewed with reservations only. make Castello Sforzesco a top cultural
attraction. Worth seeing: Museo d’Arte
Civico Museo Archeologico [> p. 12]
Antica (ancient sculptures from Lombardy
Corso Magenta 15. Archaeological
finds from Roman and medieval Milan, and elsewhere, from the 4th to the 16th
century; Michelangelo’s Pietà Rondanini);
with an Etruscan section, a Greek
26
Pinacoteca (230 13th to 18th century Italian
paintings, mainly from Lombardy and the Veneto);
Museo della Preistoria e Protostoria (museum
of prehistory); Museo Egizio (Egyptian
museum); Museo degli Strumenti Musicali
(museum of 15th to 20th century musical
instruments); Civiche Raccolte d’Arte
Applicata (collections of applied arts: ivory,
glass, majolica and ceramics and the “Arazzi
dei Mesi Trivulzio” 16th century tapestries).
Museo Bagatti Valsecchi
Via S. Spirito 10 / via Gesù 5. In one of
Europe’s best preserved museum homes,
splendid 15th and 16th century artefacts
and an unusual collection of fireplaces.
Museo del Duomo
Piazza Duomo 12. Reopened in 2013 with
a major new exhibition, it illustrates and
highlights the history of the cathedral.
of Milan
Museo del Novecento
Palazzo dell’Arengario, Via Marconi 1.
400 selected works of 20th century
Italian art belonging to the Civic Art
Collections of the City of Milan.
Museo della Permanente
Via Turati 34. A vast collection of
works from the late 19th and 20th
centuries and a specialised library
documenting the history of the
Società per le Belle Arti ed Esposizione
Permanente, an important institution
on the art scene in Milan.
Museo Diocesano
Corso di Porta Ticinese 95. The basilica
and cloisters of Sant’Eustorgio contain
treasures of art and artefacts testifying
to the faith of the people of the diocese.
Works from the museum of the Basilica di
Leonardo da
Vinci worked on
The Last Supper
alternating intense
sessions with long
absences, and the
Prior of the church
complained to
Ludovico il Moro that
he was not working
very hard.
«The Last Supper is amazing,
comparable only to the frescoes of antiquity...»
Rainer Maria Rilke
Left: Leonardo’s Last
Supper. It is a miracle
that we can still see
the fresco, for in
August 1943 a bomb
destroyed most of the
church, leaving intact
only the wooden wall
protecting Leonardo’s
fresco.
Lower left: the
courtyard of
Palazzo di Brera
with the statue of
Napoleon depicted
as a victorious nude
demi-god in its
centre.
Lower right: Portrait
of a Girl, Pollaiolo’s
best preserved and
one of his most
successful portraits, in
Museo Poldi Pezzoli.
27
4
7
Other places of
considerable
interest are: the
“Leonardo Icon”
monument by Daniel
Libeskind which was
inaugurated in the
pedestrianised piazza
Pio XI opposite the
Pinacoteca Ambrosiana;
the nearby
Mangini Bonomi
Museum–Home (Via
dell’Ambrosiana 20)
which houses a
collection of objects
from Western history
and culture; The
Holocaust Memorial,
inaugurated in 2013
inside the Milan Central
Station in front of
Platform 21, which
is where hundreds
Milanese Jew were
deported to various
concentration camps.
Sant’Ambrogio and the Fondi Oro A. Crespi
collection (about 40 14th and 15th century
Tuscan and Umbrian paintings on wood).
Museo Inter e Milan
Piazzale Angelo Moratti - Stadio San Siro.
The first museum in an Italian football
stadium, telling the story of the city’s two
teams, Inter and Milan, through unique
memorabilia (shirts, cups, trophies).
Museo e Casa di Alessandro Manzoni
Via Gerolamo Morone 1. A museum
in the home where writer Alessandro
Manzoni lived.
Museo Poldi Pezzoli
Via Manzoni 12. A typical Milanese
museum-home. The collection includes
14th to 19th century paintings and
great masterpieces by Pollaiolo,
Botticelli, Piero della Francesca…
collections of paintings, primarily
works from the Lombard and Venetian
schools of the 15th and 16th century.
Established in the late 18th century
as a collection of models for students
at the Accademia, it now includes
more than 400 works spanning from
the 14th century to the avant-garde
movements. It contains numerous
masterpieces including, to mention
only a few: Mantegna’s “Lamentation
of Christ”, Bellini’s “Pietà”, Tintoretto’s
“Finding of the body of St. Mark”,
Raphael’s “The Marriage of the Virgin”,
Caravaggio’s “Supper at Emmaus”...
Museo del Risorgimento
Via Borgonuovo 23. In 18th century
Palazzo Moriggia, Italian history
between 1796 and 1870.
The Museums of Milan
Museo Studio Francesco Messina
Ex Chiesa di San Sisto, Via San Sisto
4/A. 80 sculptures and 26 works on
paper selected from among Francesco
Messina’s most important works.
Museo Teatrale alla Scala
Largo Ghiringhelli 1. Vintage prints,
artefacts, costumes and scenery sketches,
to find out all about the theatre in the
19th century.
Palazzo Morando
Costume Moda Immagine
Via Sant’Andrea 6. Major collections of
fabrics, clothes and accessories originally
included in the Civiche Raccolte d’Arte
Applicata in Castello Sforzesco and items
from the vast collection of the former
Museo di Milano (paintings, sculptures,
prints on the evolution of urban
planning and society in Milan in the late
18th century and the 19th century).
Pinacoteca di Brera [> p. 11]
Via Brera 28. One of Italy’s biggest
28
Veneranda Biblioteca Ambrosiana
Pinacoteca Ambrosiana
Piazza Pio XI 2. The size and value of its
collections make the Biblioteca Ambrosiana
one of the world’s oldest and most
complete historic libraries. It includes the
Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, established by
Federico Borromeo in 1618, which now
has more than 2,000 paintings, sculptures
and fittings, gold items, natural artefacts
and various products of the applied arts,
as well as more than 22,000 drawings.
It includes universally recognised
masterpieces such as the precious cartoon
for Raphael’s “School of Athens” and
“Portrait of a Musician”, Leonardo’s only
painting on wood made in Milan.
WOW Spazio Fumetto
Viale Campania 12. In 2011
Fondazione Franco Fossati opened
this original space for exhibitions,
events, courses and workshops focusing
on the ninth art: cartoons.
Left: the hall in the tower
in the Arengario
dedicated to Lucio
Fontana, containing
his Struttura al neon
(1951).
Bottom left: the
Pietà Rondanini by
Michelangelo, now in
the Musei del Castello
and on the verge of
being re-housed in
the halls of the former
Spanish Hospital. This
appears to be the
artist’s last sculpture
which he worked on
until a few days before
his death.
Lower right: the 18th
century Gallerie
d’Italia in Palazzo
Anguissola Antona
Traversi.
29
1
GAM
2
TRIENNALE DESIGN
MUSEUM
3
EX AREA ANSALDO
4
FABBRICA DEL VAPORE
(STEAM FACTORY)
5
HANGAR BICOCCA
6
PAC
7
ROTONDA
IN VIA BESANA
8
SPAZIO OBERDAN
8
Needle, thread and
knot, a sculpture by
Claes Oldenburg and
Coosje van Bruggen
at the centre of
Piazzale Cadorna,
is an unusual
reference to the
industriousness and
fashion soul of Milan.
Contemporary Art
During the early 20th century, the architecture
of Milan was deeply transformed by
modernism and by modernity, moving from
the decorative Art Nouveau to the sleeker
Art Deco. The Stazione Centrale, designed
by Ulisse Stacchini in 1912, epitomises this
transition. The thirties were a time of
monumental architecture, as can be seen
in the public buildings Palazzo di Giustizia
[> p. 24], Arengario [> p. 10/22] and
Palazzo dell’Arte, home to the Triennale,
and in the private Villa Necchi Campiglio
[> p. 24], noted for its elegant purity of
line. The search for a new style that would
represent the city’s economic rebirth,
exalting its modernity and functionality,
lead to the construction of the Torre
Velasca [> p. 24] in 1958 (close to the
Università Statale, at the end of via Larga)
and of the Grattacielo Pirelli (1955-60)
[> p. 22].
The new millennium has brought with
it an era of growth for the capital of
30
Lombardy, a growth which touches all
areas of society and which sees the
involvement of some of the greatest
exponents of national and international
architecture. Contemporary beauty
and historical charm are the leitmotifs
of the city’s great renovation projects
involving former brownfield sites. The
city’s traditional landmarks of fashion,
creativity, study, opera, contemporary art,
technology, transport, business and
finance, have been, and continue to
be, flanked by a series of new centres
involving entire areas of the city. The
Bovisa–Certosa project has been injected
with a new lease of life thanks to the new
Politecnico site; the City Life project is
redesigning the historical Fiera area, as well
as the World Join Centre in Portello.
Other projects which have already changed
the face of the city include the Bicocca ex
Pirelli area (where the industrial past of the
area forms the backdrop to the Università
in Milan
degli Studi, several important research
centres, the Teatro degli Arcimboldi and the
headquarters of numerous companies), the
Nuovo Polo Fieristico di Rho-Pero (the
Rho-Pero Exhibition Centre) and the new
Garibaldi-Repubblica skyline (the Porta
Nuova project with the Milan Business
Park, Piazza Gae Aulenti and the UniCredit
Tower, the tallest building in Italy with its
impressive 231 m), the redevelopment of
Piazza XXV Aprile (now home to the Eataly
megastore, on the site of the historical
Teatro Smeraldo). In this context, Expo
Milano 2015 will serve as a driving force to
create a more attractive city with a central
role in international social and economic
development.
Ever forward-looking, Milan keeps a
keen eye on new artistic trends, and
prides itself on its innovative exhibition
spaces. Future projects include the
Museo di Arte Contemporanea (MAC)
«Skyscrapers have transformed the lives of the Milanese…»
Alberto Savinio, Ascolto il tuo cuore, città (Listen to your heart, city)
in the residential and business district
currently under construction, City Life.
GAM Galleria d’Arte Moderna
Via Palestro 16. A visit to the GAM
gallery is a two-fold pleasure, enabling
patrons to enjoy the interiors of Villa
Reale [> p. 17/24] and admire hundreds
of paintings from one of the richest
collections of 19th century art in Italy
(Museo dell’Ottocento, Museum of
19th Century Art). The exhibition opens
with Neoclassicism, moving through
Romanticism, Realism and the
Scapigliatura movement, to end with
Divisionism. With time the Gallery has
been enriched with the addition of the
Grassi Collection (works by 19th and
20th century Italian and foreign artists),
the Vismara Collection (masterpieces of
modern and contemporary Italian and
foreign artists from Picasso to Morandi)
and the Marino Marini Collection
31
Left: the 106m tall
Torre Velasca contains
offices and shops on
the lower floors and
apartments on the
upper floors.
Centre: the Grattacielo
Pirelli, known locally
as the “Pirellone”,
was the highest
building in Milan
for almost 50 years.
Right: Palazzo
Lombardia, the
new site of Regione
Lombardia.
Important
moments in the
social and cultural life
of the city include
events such as MiArt,
the International Fair
of Modern and
Contemporary Art
which is held in
Fieramilanocity in
March, and the Salone
del Mobile, the Milan
International Furniture
Fair, which with the
Fuorisalone events
brings design to the
forefront in April for
those in and outside
the industry.
4
8
(which provides an insight into the
artist’s career through an overview of his
sculptures; now housed in the Museo
del Novecento, the Twentieth Century
Museum).
Triennale Design Museum
Viale Alemagna 6. Opened in 2007, this
is the first and only museum dedicated
to Italian design in all its manifestations.
The Triennale Design Museum, a unique
museum of its kind in Italy, situated on
the historical premises of the Triennale,
continuously renews itself, offering ever
new and diversified exhibitions.
In addition to the traditional exhibition
spaces of the Palazzo Reale, Museo del
Novecento (Museum of 20th Century
Art), Palazzo della Ragione and Castello
Contemporary Art in Milan
Sforzesco, Milan offers countless
experimental venues for young talents
and every form of artistic expression.
Other locations
intended to
showcase works by
artists and Milanese
cultural icons include
the Fondazione
Arnoldo Pomodoro in
its new premises in
Via Vigevano 9, which,
as well as housing the
permanent collection
of the sculpture’s works,
also holds temporary
exhibitions, and the
Studio Museo Achille
Castiglioni in Piazza
Castello 27, where the
backdrop and the
plethora of pieces on
display tell the story
of the professional
career of this
important designer.
painted entirely in dark blue, home to
contemporary art exhibitions, research
projects and training sessions. The
permanent installation, “I Sette Palazzi
Celesti” (“The Seven Heavenly Palaces”)
by Anselm Kiefer, is well worth a visit.
PAC Padiglione di Arte
Contemporanea
Via Palestro 16. The PAC is situated
in a courtyard of the Villa Reale, once
home to stables destroyed during the
war. Designed by Ignazio Gardella
(1948-1954), it was rebuilt by the
architect, following the original design,
after it was almost destroyed by
a deadly mafia bomb in 1993. The
venue organises exclusively temporary
exhibitions featuring a wide range of
well-established international artists.
Ex Area Ansaldo
Via Tortona 54. The 70,000 sq.m former
Ansaldo factory side now houses the
Museo delle Culture del Mondo, The
Museum of World Cultures (which
will be inaugurated with Expo 2015),
which features a series of intercultural
exhibitions and multimedia projects.
Fabbrica del Vapore (Steam Factory)
Via Procaccini 4. The Milan City Council
conceived this facility especially for its
wyounger generations. The former
steam engine and tram factory has
been transformed into a “creative
workshop” offering a full schedule
of exhibitions and educational and
cultural initiatives throughout the year.
Hangar Bicocca
Via Chiese 2. A former industrial plant
32
Rotonda in Via Besana
Via Enrico Besana 12. This typically
18th century monument was built
in 1695 as a cemetery for the dead
of the Ospedale Maggiore, a large
hospital that was housed in the nearby
Ca’Granda. It comprises the Chiesa di
San Michele surrounded by a circular
arcade. Home to the MUBA - Museo
dei Bambini, the Children’s Museum,
which organises exhibitions-games,
events and creative workshops
dedicated to children.
Spazio Oberdan
Viale Vittorio Veneto 2. One of the
best known multifunctional centres
in Milan, organising artistic projects
of international repute. The exhibition
hall is situated on the first floor.
The venue comprises a 700 sq.m
exhibition area for art and photography
exhibitions and a 200-seat auditorium
hosting film reviews.
Left: the new building
of the Università
Commerciale Luigi
Bocconi, winner of
the “World Building
of the Year Award”.
Lower left: entrance
to Palazzo dell’Arte,
home to the Triennale,
built between
1932 and 1933.
Lower right:
Hangar Bicocca, an
exhibition, research
and training centre;
below, the Fabbrica
del Vapore, a youth
centre for cultural
production.
33
1
ACQUARIO CIVICO
AND STAZIONE
IDROBIOLOGICA
2
CIVICO MUSEO DI
STORIA NATURALE
3
CIVICO PLANETARIO
“ULRICO HOEPLI”
4
MUSEO
ASTRONOMICO
DI BRERA
5
MUSEO NAZIONALE
DELLA SCIENZA E
DELLA TECNOLOGIA
“LEONARDO DA VINCI”
6
ORTO BOTANICO
DI BRERA
9
Milan: a City
With Italy’s largest Science and
Technology Museum, Milan has a
scientific side which children adore and
adults find amazing.
The Enrico Toti
submarine is the
first submarine
built in Italy after
World War II. It can
now be seen at the
Museo Nazionale
della Scienza e della
Tecnologia.
Acquario Civico
and Stazione Idrobiologica
Viale Gadio 2. One of the oldest
aquariums in the world and housed in
an Art Nouveau building adorned with
aquatic themed external decorations, it
is the only remaining trace of the Milan
International Expo of 1906. Here there
are more than one hundred different
aquatic species from the Mediterranean
Sea, the Red Sea and Italian freshwater
rivers and lakes. In addition,
educational routes teach visitors
about the water cycle and fishing.
On the same site as the aquarium
are the Stazione Idrobiologica and
a Biblioteca (Library) specializing in
marine biology and aquatic sciences.
34
Civico Museo di Storia Naturale [> p. 36]
Corso Venezia 55. The Natural History
Museum preserves animals, fossils,
dinosaurs, spectacular colourful
dioramas and plastic reconstructions,
in Italy’s most significant collection of
its kind. A few must-sees are a 20m
long whale skeleton that was found
on the coasts of Sardinia and a model
of a pteranodon, a flying reptile from
70 million years ago which hangs from
the ceiling. The specialized library
contains 30,000 books, 200 periodicals
and 60,000 booklets; the prominent
collections of insects, birds, minerals,
rocks and fossils are especially intended
for scholars.
Civico Planetario “Ulrico Hoepli” [> p. 36]
Corso Venezia 57. Built in 1929 by
Piero Portaluppi, on behalf of the
publisher Ulrich Hoepli who then
donated it to the city, the Planetarium
consists of a large domed room with
of Science
special equipment in the centre that
simulates the complex motions of
celestial bodies.
Museo Astronomico di Brera
Via Brera 28. The Astronomic
Museum contains instruments that
belonged to the Osservatorio
Astronomico, created in 1760 to study
the stars, and is recognized as the
oldest scientific research institute of
the city. Outfitted in 1983, it preserves
its ancient instrumentation.
Museo Nazionale della Scienza e
della Tecnologia “Leonardo da Vinci”
Via San Vittore 21. Housed in a 16th
century former Olivetan monastery, this
museum is one of the largest and most
documented European collections
dedicated to the evolution of scientific
thought. A visit will require several
hours and may be divided over more
than one day, according to interest. If
you want to get a general overview,
«The people of Milan are always cheerful
and inquisitive. They’re a pleasure to watch.»
Jacob Burckhardt
you should immediately go to the first
floor dedicated to Leonardo, then the
two spectacular outdoor pavilions on
train, air and naval transportation, and
finally the ground floor with its history
of energy, mining, steel, metal and
land transportation. Since December
2005, the museum also houses the
Toti submarine. Its arrival in August
of 2005 was followed by thousands of
Milanese locals and was a true “event”:
it arrived into the city by river and
by road in the middle of the night to
avoid blocking traffic.
Orto Botanico di Brera
Via Brera 28. Founded in 1774,
the botanical gardens cover about
5,000 square metres and are shaded
by large trees. Amongst the most
spectacular plants are two giant
gingko biloba trees dating back to
the time of the garden’s foundation
and a linden tree 30 metres high.
35
Left: immersed in the
greenery of the
Giardini Pubblici
Indro Montanelli is
the Civico Museo di
Storia Naturale, one
of the largest natural
history museums in
Europe.
Top: the entrance to
the Civico Planetario;
inaugurated in 1930, it
is one of Italy’s largest
planetariums.
Below: the interior of
the Acquario Civico,
updated in 2003-2006.
1
GIARDINO
DELLA GUASTALLA
2
GIARDINI PUBBLICI
INDRO MONTANELLI EX
GIARDINI PUBBLICI DI
PORTA VENEZIA
3
GIARDINO DELLA VILLA
COMUNALE
4
PARCO GIOVANNI
PAOLO II EX PARCO
DELLE BASILICHE
5
PARCO SEMPIONE
6
THE CANALS (NAVIGLI)
10
Parks and
The Navigli, canals lined by narrow
alleyways and traditional houses
with communal balconies, and the
city’s “green oases”, with their picnic,
entertainment and sports areas,
preserve the feel of yesteryear Milan.
The Alzaia del
Naviglio Grande
still offers a glimpse
of the Milan of
yesteryear. The
Navigli were the
first examples of
hydraulic engineering
in Lombardy
(12th century). Its
innovative system
of locks, still visible
today, was partly
conceived by
Leonardo da Vinci.
Giardino della Guastalla
Via Guastalla. This well concealed
secret corner was once annexed to
the Guastalla college for girls. Age-old
trees provide the backdrop for the fish
pond with stone balustrades, a jewel
of Baroque architecture. The Jewish
temple (1890-92) is situated opposite
the entrance.
Giardini Pubblici Indro Montanelli
ex Giardini Pubblici di Porta Venezia
Bastioni di Porta Venezia, via Manin,
via Palestro, corso Venezia. This was
the first park of Milan designed for
public use. Created by Piermarini in
the late 18th century, the park
36
underwent several refurbishments
throughout the years. In 2002
it was renamed after the late
journalist Indro Montanelli
(1909-2001). The park comprises
a number of important buildings,
such as the Palazzo Dugnani
[> p. 17/24]; the Civico Museo di
Storia Naturale [> p. 34] and the
Planetario “Ulrico Hoepli” [> p. 34].
Giardino della Villa Belgiojoso
Bonaparte ex Giardino della Villa
Comunale
Via Palestro. This is one of the earliest
English-style gardens in Milan,
created at the request of the count
Lodovico Barbiano of Belgiojoso, an
important member of the Milanese
nobility and of the Hapsburg court.
It is entirely devoted to children
and accompanying adults. A small
waterfall gushes out of the rocks
and trickles down into a stream that
Navigli
crosses the park, ending in a small
lake featuring an island with a small
circular temple.
Parco Giovanni Paolo II
ex Parco delle Basiliche
Via Molino delle Armi. The park is
nestled between the basilicas of San
Lorenzo and Sant’Eustorgio. It was
developed in 1953 with the idea of
creating an “archaeological walkway”
uniting the apses of these two
important churches.
Parco Sempione
Piazza Castello. The largest Englishstyle park in Milan is entirely fenced
in and includes numerous recreational
areas. It owes its name to its position
along the line that leads through the
Arco della Pace, from the Duomo
to the Simplon Pass. The Castello
Sforzesco, Arena, Arco della Pace,
Triennale and Acquario Civico stand
along the park’s perimeter.
«...the Naviglio is worth 50 gold ducats, and
yields 125,000 ducats a year. It is 40 miles long
and 20 ells wide...» Leonardo Da Vinci
The Canals (Navigli)
Although far from Italy’s great rivers
and seas, Milan, like Venice, was for
many centuries a navigable city due
to an intricate system of canals that
once crisscrossed the city. Back then,
the city had a circular canal – the
Cerchia dei Navigli – connected
to three small ports: Santo Stefano
(now Piazza Santo Stefano), San
Marco (Piazza San Marco) and
Sant’Eustorgio, which later became
the Darsena di Porta Ticinese (Basin
of Porta Ticinese). Connected to
the Cerchia dei Navigli through the
Conca dei Navigli, still visible today
in the street of the same name, the
Darsena’s waters flow in from the
Naviglio Grande and then out again
into the Naviglio Pavese (the two
canals flow in opposite directions),
thus creating a “water circuit” that
for centuries constituted the city’s
37
Top: the monumental
facade of the
Villa Belgiojoso
Bonaparte, or Villa
Reale.
Top left: a tree-lined
path through the
Giardini Pubblici
Indro Montanelli.
Top right: the view
from the balustrades
of the fish pond in
the Giardino della
Guastalla spans
across the lawns, as
far as the city.
10
main means of provisioning and
trade, through flat-bottomed barges
drawn by horses (or men, when
required) along the so-called Alzaie,
or towpaths. Today, the first stretch
of the Naviglio Grande – the oldest
of the two navigable canals, dating
back to the 13th century – still
features its characteristic low-rise
period buildings, and is enlivened
by numerous venues, pubs and
restaurants, making it one of the
city’s trendiest areas.
On the last Sunday of every month
it hosts an open-air “antiques fair”.
Further along the Alzaia del Naviglio
Grande lies the Vicolo dei Lavandai,
a narrow alleyway featuring old
stone washtubs. Heading in the
Parks and Navigli
direction of the suburbs, one comes
upon the attractive church of San
Cristoforo al Naviglio, made up of
two buildings, one Romanesque and
the other Gothic. Boatmen travelling
from the Ticino River used to
consider the church’s 15th century
bell tower a lighthouse indicating
the proximity of Milan.
The Naviglio Pavese flows out of
the Darsena for a stretch of 33 km,
where it flows into the Ticino River,
close to Pavia. A number of barges,
now transformed into bars and pubs,
can be seen moored along the left
bank (via Ascanio Sforza). The canal
was made navigable as late as 1819,
and along its tract it is still possible
to see12 locks (decommissioned in
1978) that allowed the barges to
overcome the 52 metre difference
in elevation between the arrival and
departure points. Along the Naviglio
38
Pavese, it is worth visiting the Chiesa
Rossa (or Red Church, named after
its characteristic red bricks), with its
ancient and complex history.
To the south of the Villoresi canal,
the system of Navigli includes the
Naviglio della Martesana, or
Naviglio Piccolo (1460), that
connects Milan to the Adda River,
from which it receives its waters.
Several cycling paths lie along
the canal, spanning from via De
Marchi to Cassano d’Adda, 30 km
outside Milan.
For the Expo Milan 2015 the city
will redevelop the Darsena docks area
which will contribute to enhancing
the Milanese canal network as well
as increasing tourism in the area.
Left: the Arco della
Pace, in the far corner
of the Parco Sempione,
is one of Milan’s
most characteristic
Neoclassical monuments.
Started in 1807 as a
tribute to Napoleon, it
was dedicated in 1838
to Francis I of Austria
and in 1859 to the
independence of Italy.
Bottom, left: the
charming church of
San Cristoforo sul
Naviglio, which stands
on the banks of the
Naviglio Grande.
Bottom, right:
the Naviglio della
Martesana, also known
as the Naviglio Piccolo
(the small canal).
39
1
CORSO BUENOS AIRES
2
CORSO DI PORTA
TICINESE
3
CORSO VITTORIO
EMANUELE II
4
QUADRILATERO
DELLA MODA
5
VIA PAOLO SARPI
6
VIA SAVONA,
VIA TORTONA,
VIA BERGOGNONE
7
VIA TORINO
11
Via Monte
Napoleone, or
“Montenapo” for
Milanese locals, is
a symbol of luxury,
exclusive shopping
and is undoubtedly
the most elegant
street in the city.
Shopping
When it comes to shopping in Milan one primarily thinks of fashion; after all,
this is nerve centre of the “Made in Italy” industry. The showrooms of all Italian
manufacturers are located here, and it’s where buyers for worldwide distribution
find the one and only “Italian style”. Milanese fashion is about luxury, but it
also offers innovative ideas. Outside the fashion district - a must for those who
want to buy designer apparel and accessories - almost everything can be found,
from large international brands to small boutiques. But shopping in Milan also
means exploring the many local open-air markets where all kinds of goods can
be purchased, from groceries to clothing, and where one can look for furniture,
decorative items and works of art amongst the numerous antique shops in
the Brera and Navigli areas. Not to mention Milan’s famous culinary classics,
recipients of the DE.co denomination (Denominazione Comunale, or Municipal
Denomination) covering typical products such as the cotoletta alla milanese,
ossobuco, risotto, cassoeula, and panettone, but also characteristic dishes that
are on the “endangered list”, so to speak. It is no coincidence, then, that there
are still so many historic shops in Milan, part of the city’s heritage as well as a
point of reference for the Milanese people and tourists.
Corso Buenos Aires is 1,200 metres long and has more than 350 shops to
meet everyone’s needs. It is one of Europe’s most famous shopping streets.
Corso di Porta Ticinese is the right place for those looking for alternative
shops and boutiques, for vintage clothing and ethnic and natural products.
Corso Vittorio Emanuele II is a classic for downtown promenades, which has
been a pedestrian area since 1985. Here you’ll find numerous shops, especially
40
for clothing and low cost department stores, in addition to Rinascente, the
true “temple” of Milanese shopping. With 8 floors, it truly offers everything even an opportunity to lunch with a close-up view of the Duomo’s spires.
The fashion district: via Monte Napoleone, via Manzoni, via della Spiga and
corso Venezia are the four streets that make up an imaginary square where the
shops and ateliers of the most important names in fashion are concentrated.
First and foremost of these Milanese streets is Monte Napoleone, which is
considered one of the fifteen most luxurious and expensive streets in the
world. Walking in this area is like diving into beauty and unbridled wealth.
During the fashion shows, the whole area becomes one big social event, and
aristocrats’ courtyards and buildings are often open to curious visitors.
Via Paolo Sarpi with its neighbouring via Canonica is Milan’s Chinatown. The
shops are generally less expensive, but offer quality products.
Via Savona, Via Tortona, Via Bergognone are full of “pop-up shops”, stores
that are open for a limited period of time (a few weeks). It is the perfect area
to find quality and trendy pieces, including designer and multi-brand spaces.
Via Torino was once a street of craftsmen’s workshops; now it is one of
the major centres of Milanese shopping for all tastes and budgets (with
numerous low-cost clothing chain stores).
in Milan
Many legends
have flourished
through the centuries
around the birth of the
“pane di Toni” (literally
the “bread of Toni”, as it
was called in the 18th
century), but it was
Angelo Motta who made
“panettone” a symbol
of Milan in the 20th
century by cooking it in
a paper cylinder, giving
it its present form.
«To the hastiest observation,
Milan could hardly seem lacking in interest.»
Edith Wharton
Left: the seventh floor
of the Rinascente
department store,
named by Gabriele
D’Annunzio, offers an
amazing view of the
Duomo’s spires.
Lower left: there are
many delicatessens
in the city that boast
a long history. The
best are those that
have retained their
charm, furniture, style
and service over time.
Lower right: in the
heart of Milan there
are many innovative
shopping areas
combining fashion,
art, beauty and food.
41
1
TEATRO ALLA SCALA
2
AUDITORIUM
3
CONSERVATORIO
GIUSEPPE VERDI
4
TEATRO DEGLI
ARCIMBOLDI
5
TEATRO DAL VERME
6
TEATRO NUOVO
7
BLUE NOTE
8
SCIMMIE
9
LA SALUMERIA DELLA
MUSICA
10
PICCOLO TEATRO DI
MILANO
11
TEATRO GRASSI
12
TEATRO STUDIO
13
TEATRO STREHLER
14
TEATRO F. PARENTI
12
15
TEATRO
FILODRAMMATICI
16
TEATRIDITHALIA
17
CRT TEATRO DELL’ARTE
18
TEATRO CARCANO
19
TEATRI MANZONI,
NAZIONALE, S. BABILA
20
TEATRO CIAK
21
AREA ZELIG CABARET
22
STADIO SAN SIRO
“GIUSEPPE MEAZZA”
23
IPPODROMI SAN SIRO
24
LIDO DI MILANO
25
IDROSCALO
26
ARENA CIVICA
“GIANNI BRERA”
27
VELODROMO
VIGORELLI
The Scala’s boxes were
all remade except for
one, which survived the
1943 bombings.
Entertainment,
Milan is a city that creates its own trends:
art galleries in bars, concerts in libraries,
aperitifs in grand hotels - it is a “cool”
city where there is room for every form of
expression, whether it be opera, theatre,
entertainment, music or sports.
Music
Some of the world’s most renowned artists
perform in Milan. Performances (operas,
ballets, concerts) at the Teatro alla Scala
are not to be missed, where the season
begins on 7 December, the day of St.
Ambrose, patron saint of Milan. Its stage
equipment has been renovated (2001-2004)
and now the operatic powerhouse is up
to par with the largest theatres in Europe
and the world. Offering a more intensive
musical program is the Auditorium, home
of the Orchestra Sinfonica and Coro di
Milano Giuseppe Verdi, the Conservatorio
Giuseppe Verdi (auditorium Sala Verdi at
the Conservatorio, Sala Puccini in the
42
Conservatorio), the Teatro degli Arcimboldi,
a one-of-a-kind structure in terms of its
construction, acoustics and visuals, the
Teatro Dal Verme and the Teatro Nuovo.
Many concerts are held in churches, most
notably at the Basilica di San Marco. For
blues and jazz enthusiasts, Blue Note
offers an excellent selection of concerts,
alternating foreign and well-known Italian
stars, and historic venues like the Scimmie
and La Salumeria della Musica are a
“must” for fans of the genre.
Theatres
From theatre to cabaret, Milan offers a vast
range of shows. The Piccolo Teatro di
Milano, the first civic theatre in Italy, is an
institution - actually three, because over the
years, from the primordial Piccolo Teatro on
via Rovello (now called the Teatro Grassi),
it has been accompanied by the Teatro
Studio and the Teatro Strehler. They put
on in-house productions and host prestigious
Sports and Leisure
foreign performances, as does the Teatro
Franco Parenti. A more traditional repertoire
takes place at the Teatro Filodrammatici,
while more experimental shows take place
at the Teatro dell’Elfo Teatridithalia and
the CRT Teatro dell’Arte. Ranging from
drama, dance, varieties and musicals, are
the Carcano, Manzoni, Nazionale, and San
Babila theatres. Since 2002 the Teatro della
Luna has become the undisputed home
to musicals in Milan. The most highlyesteemed cabarets are the Teatro Ciak and
at the Area Zelig Cabaret, a historical venue
which also has a successful television show,
filmed at the Teatro degli Arcimboldi.
Sports
All types of sports are played in the city,
and many significant international
matches take place here. Milan is the only
city in Europe whose two football teams
(Internazionale and A.C. Milan) have won
the Champions League. Football finds its
«San Siro was the swellest
course I’d ever seen.»
Ernest Hemingway
home at the Stadio San Siro “Giuseppe
Meazza” which can be visited with a tour
of its adjoining museum [> p. 28].
Since 1920 the equine world has had a
prestigious home: the Ippodromi di San
Siro, which has witnessed innumerable
triumphs by famous thoroughbreds.
Basketball and volleyball will soon return
to the Palalido which is undergoing an
extensive facelift. The Lido di Milano is a
large, fully equipped outdoor pool that
opens from June to September. The
Idroscalo artificial lake hosts many different
water sports. Large athletic events are
held at the Arena civica “Gianni Brera”
which dates back to the Napoleonic era.
Here many great sporting achievements
have been witnessed as well as the first
Giro d’Italia (1909). Cycling was also held
at the Velodromo Vigorelli in the past
and many records were set here by Coppi,
Anquetil and Moser (it now hosts other
sporting events).
43
Top left: the Piccolo
Teatro di Milano
Teatro d’Europa Teatro Strehler on
Largo Greppi.
Right: the Teatro
degli Arcimboldi.
Lower left: the Stadio
San Siro; centre: the
Cavallo di Leonardo,
a large bronze
statue inspired
by Leonardo’s
drawings, located in
front of the Parco
dell’Ippodromo di
Milano; right: a jazz
show.
1
ABBAZIA
DI CHIARAVALLE
2
ABBAZIA
DI VIBOLDONE
3
ABBAZIA
DI MIRASOLE
4
ABBAZIA
DI MORIMONDO
5
CRUISING DOWN
THE NAVIGLI
6
MONZA
AND ITS VILLA
13
Outside Milan
A trip outside town will lead you to
discover the “Bassa Milanese” area
with its medieval abbeys, the city of
Monza, and the city’s complex “water
system”: in Milan you can!
The Giardini della
Villa Reale di Monza
took shape between
1778 and 1783.
Piermarini integrated
the typical Italian
garden with elements
of British origin,
dividing the gardens
into English gardens,
orchards and
botanical gardens complete with wild
animals.
Abbazia di Chiaravalle
Via Sant’Arialdo 102, Chiaravalle
Milanese. In the green of the Parco
Agricolo Sud di Milano and easily
reachable by public transportation
(bus 77 from Piazza Medaglie d’Oro)
one can visit the abbey which was
the cornerstone of the agricultural
development of the southern hinterland
of Milan. Founded in 1135, it is marked
by a conspicuous steeple, a brick and
marble tower, called “ciribiciaccola” in a
nursery rhyme in Milanese dialect. The
church (1172-1221) is a must-see, along
with the remains of the Gothic cloister
(13th century) and the chapter house
with graffiti by Bramante and frescoes.
44
Abbazia di Viboldone
Via dell’Abbazia 7, San Giuliano
Milanese. It is located 12 km from
Milan, following the highway towards
Lodi. Only the church remains of the
abbey founded on 5 February 1176
by the Umiliati order, and it is one
of the most important Lombard Gothic
constructions. It contains beautiful 14th
century frescoes by Giotto’s pupils.
Abbazia di Mirasole
Strada Consortile del Mirasole,
Opera. Ten kilometres from the city,
this architectural complex - founded
in the first half of the 13th century by
the Umiliati order - includes church
buildings alongside working areas
(stables, farmyard, weaving mills).
Not surprisingly, the modern structure
of the Lombard farmhouse takes
inspiration from this type of building.
Mirasole has preserved the original
structure of the 14th century Santa
«Brianza is the most attractive area of Italy.»
Henry Beyle Stendhal
Maria Assunta church as well as the bell
tower and the abbey’s prized cloister.
Abbazia di Morimondo
Piazza S. Bernardo 1, Morimondo.
Thirty kilometres from Milan, this
Cistercian abbey was the first building
of its kind in Lombardy and the fourth
in Italy. Its period of greatest splendor
was between the 13th and 14th
centuries. The church (1182-1292) is
well preserved. During the Christmas
season a beautiful display of nativity
scenes takes place.
Cruise down the Navigli
To learn about the landscape of the
Milanese area, several smaller cruises
are offered, starting from the Alzaia
del Naviglio Grande; they offer a
historical immersion while sailing the
same waters of ships from olden times,
passing through routes in the Naviglio
Grande and Pavese. For more detailed
information, visit www.naviglilombardi.it
Monza and its Villa
Mostly famous for its racing circuit,
Monza can be easily reached from
Milan by public transportation (train
and bus from the Stazione Centrale).
The town’s main monument is its
Gothic Duomo (13th-14th century)
accompanied by a bell tower from 1606.
The altar of Teodolinda’s chapel
– frescoed by the Zavattari (1444) –
contains the Corona del Ferro, the iron
crown said to have been made with a
nail from Christ’s cross. Covered with
gold and studded with gems (5th-8th
centuries), it was used from the Middle
Ages on to crown the kings of Italy.
Not to be missed is the magnificent
Villa Reale (1777-1870), residence of
the Habsburg court erected under the
leadership of Piermarini; King Umberto
I was killed here in 1900. The racing
circuit (1922) is located in the Park,
created in 1806.
45
Left: The Abbazia di
Chiaravalle with its
beautiful bell tower.
Centre, above:
minicruise along
Milan’s Navigli.
Centre, below:
the sober interior
of the Abbazia
di Morimondo is
characterized by its
brickwork
Right: details of
the frescoes in the
chiesa abbaziale di
Viboldone.
The World Exposition has only been held in Italy once before,
back in 1906, and even then the city chosen was Milan. At that
time, the theme was transport, celebrated by the inauguration
of the Milan-Paris railway line. It’s been more than a hundred
years, but the World Exhibition is soon to return to Italy, once
again in the city of Milan.
Milan will be hosting the next Expo from May 1st to October
31st, 2015. This extraordinary event brings together peoples
worldwide on an issue of global importance. The theme of Expo
Milano 2015 - Feeding the Planet. Energy for Life - will offer
visitors a veritable trip around the world, through the history,
cultures and innovations of the 130 and more participating
countries.
Expo Milano 2015 will attract over 20 million visitors from
across the globe. The exhibition site, covering an area of
1 million square meters next to the Milan Trade Fair, will offer
Expo Milano 2015
a uniquely fascinating route through 60 halls and themed areas
dedicated to cultural and food traditions from the four corners of
the world, and to economic, scientific and social issues connected
with the production and consumption of food. The site will
feature spaces for meetings and entertainment, canals and ponds,
botanical gardens, educational areas for children, and themed
interactive and multi-sensory activities. The site’s structure
draws its inspiration from the Roman castra, or fortification,
based on two perpendicular intersecting axes, the Cardo and
the Decumanus, each overlooked by the exhibition halls. Piazza
Italia stands at their intersection, symbolically representing the
crossroads between our country and the rest of the globe.
Expo Milano 2015 sets out as a global laboratory in which to
imagine and build together a new and better world for the
whole of mankind; a unique and unrepeatable opportunity to
participate in the creation of practical solutions to nourish our
planet healthily, appropriately, sufficiently and sustainably.
“Feeding the planet. Energy for life”
Masterplan of the
Expo Milano 2015
exhibition site.
• Tourist Information
IAT (Tourist Information and Assistance)
Piazza Castello (soon to be relocated to
new premises).
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 9-18; Sat
9-13:30/14-18; Sundays and holidays
9-13:30/14-17.
Central Station (Platform 21). Opening
hours: Mon-Fri 9-17; Sat and Sun 9-12:30.
Offices closed: 25 December, 1 January,
and 1 May.
The new Expo Gate in front of the
Castello Sforzesco (open every day from
10:00 to 20:00) is home to an infoticket point for the event.
• Getting around
To move about the city, we recommend
using public transport or ATM (Azienda
Expo area you cannot use the €1.50
urban ticket; you need to purchase the
extra-urban ticket. RicaricaMi is a
prepaid electronic card which can be
loaded with ordinary, weekly or daily
tickets or books of 10 trips. Besides
taxis, there are alternative travel means
such as car sharing and bike sharing
(www.bikemi.com) where you can rent
cars and bikes that can then be left in
pre-established spots. On Friday and
Saturday there are 15 public transport
lines that are active all night long.
• Area C and Parking
Congestion charge Area C has been
in force since 2012 and calls for paid
access to the Cerchia dei Bastioni
Limited Traffic Zone (LTZ) (Mon, Tue,
Useful Information
Trasporti Milanesi, www.atm.it. Info
02.48607607). Buses, trams, the
underground (M1 Red Line, M2 Green
Line, M3 Yellow Line, M5 Lilac Line)
and the railway link go all the way
to the suburbs. Many underground
stations and surface transportation
vehicles are equipped for the disabled
and the tourist areas in the city
are well-served. You can purchase
the following types of tickets:
urban ticket (€1.50, valid for 90
minutes from the time it is stamped,
which allows a single access to the
Detailed
underground, railways and railway
information
regarding opening link); a 10-trip tickets (€13.80 with
and visiting hours 10 tickets, each valid for 90 minutes);
and ticket prices daily ticket (€4.50, valid for 24 hours
from the time it is stamped and with
for Milan’s
unlimited use); two-day ticket (€8.25,
museums and
valid for 48 hours from the time it is
churches can be
stamped and with unlimited use). To
found at www.
turismo.milano.it reach Rho Fiera and the 2015 Milan
48
Wed, Fri 7:30 - 19:30 and Thu 7:30
- 18:00) and bans polluting vehicles.
To enter Area C you must activate an
entry document. Access to the LTZ
must be paid on the day of entry,
by midnight of the following day or
through deferred payment by the
seventh day after entry.
In many areas of the city parking is
subject to payment (Sosta Milano card).
Make sure to park only in areas in
yellow lines (parking areas in yellow
are for residents only).
• Sightseeing Tours
To get an idea of what the city is like,
take a quick tour on a tourist bus
(City Tour by ATM, City Sightseeing
Milano-Zani Viaggi, Autostradale).
It is also possible to hire a car with
a driver (from a limousine to a tour
bus) to take personalised routes and
panoramic tours.
Milano Bovisa - Milano Passante - Pavia
Seregno - Milano S. Cristoforo - Albairate
Parcheggio ATM di corrispondenza
ATM interchange parking areas
Autobus per Malpensa, Linate, Orio al Serio
Bus service to airports Malpensa, Linate, Orio al Serio
Treno per Malpensa
Train to Malpensa airport
Interscambio con rete ferroviaria
Connection with railway system
Linee provinciali
Provincial lines
Bus Terminal
Bus Terminal
Bus 73 e X73 Linate Express per Aeroporto di Linate
Bus 73 and X73 Linate Express to Linate Airport
Metro automatico per Ospedale S. Raffaele
Automatic train to S. Raffaele Hospital
Linee ferroviarie suburbane
Suburban railways
Linee ferroviarie regionali
Regional railways
Stazione accessibile
Accessible station
ATM Point: informazioni e punto vendita
ATM Point: Information and retail
Metropolitana linea 3
Underground line 3
Metropolitana linea 1
Underground line 1
Metropolitana linea 2
Underground line 2
www.atm.it | 800.80.81.81
ALBAIRATE
RETE METROPOLITANA E TRATTE FERROVIARIE URBANE
UNDERGROUND NETWORK AND URBAN RAILWAY SYSTEM
PAVIA
Comune di Milano
Settore Politiche del Turismo
e Marketing Territoriale
Via Dogana, 2
20121 Milano
Copy not for sale
www.tourism.milan.it
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