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Lavorare e vivere in

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Lavorare e vivere in
Living and working in
Italy
General information
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location
area
capital
main cities
border countries:
official language
currency
Southern Europe
301.338 km2
Rome, 2,7 mil
Milan, Rome, Naples, Genoa, Florence, Bologna
France, Switzerland, Slovenia, Austria
Italian
euro
General Information
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population
ethnicity
religion
political system
59,6 mil
95,03 % Italians
97,67 % catholics
Parliamentary republic
Learning Italian
Knowledge of the Italian language is a basic requisite for
doing the majority part of works. In order to improve
knowledge of Italian, it is advisable to attend courses in
any Italian Cultural Institute.
For further information, consult the nearest
Employment Centre, and the offices of the Ministry
of Education, Universities and Research,
www.istruzione.it
Economy
• Italy has a capitalistic economy, which remains divided into a
developed industrial north, dominated by private companies,
and a less- developped, agricultural south
• according to GDP calculations, Italy was ranked as the
seventh largest economy in the world in 2006
• one of the world’s largest exporter of manufactured goods
• Italy's major exports are motor vehicles (FIAT, APRILLA,
DUCATI), food industry ( BARILLA, MARTINI, CAMPARI) and
fashion industry( ARMANI, VALENTINI, VERSACE,
PRADA, BENETTON)
Unemployment rate
NORTH 3,8%
CENTER 6,1%
SOUTH
ITALY 6,8%
12,2%
Youth unemployment rate (15 -24) = 21,6%
Divisioni amministrative della
Italia
Lombardy Region
Lombardy is a region in the North-East of Italy, with the Alps, the
Valley of the river Po and Milan as its capital.
The region consists of the following provinces:
•Provincia di Bergamo
•Provincia di Brescia
•Provincia di Como
•Provincia di Cremona
•Provincia di Lecco
•Provincia di Varese
•Provincia di Lodi
•Provincia di Mantova
•Provincia di Monza e Brianza
•Provincia di Milano
•Provincia di Pavia
•Provincia di Sondrio
Working in Italy
Main sectors
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Tourism
Machinery
Iron and steel
Chemicals
Food processing
Textiles
Motor vehicles
Clothing
Footwear
Ceramics
Agriculture
Services
Job opportunities
• Construction -building sector
Building Construction Labourers, Carpenters
• Tourism sector
Hotel restaurant staff - entertainer (all year through but in
particular in summer and winter seasons)
• Health
Nurses, health treatment
• Services
computer graphics multimedia, ITC professionals, personal
services, connected with the ageing of the population in
need of care at home
Working conditions
• Medium Salary 22 053 € (for a year)
• Normal hours of work: total 40 hours per week
(The CCNL can allow for a working week of
less than 40 hours)
• Night shifts hours are normaly from midnight to 7am
• Minimum annual leave - 4 weeks (20 days)
• Break:
30-60min
Type of employment
• Subordinate employment
• Self-employment
• Public Sector employment
Job Search-national websites
• www.eures.europa.eu
• www.welfare.gov.it/eures
• www.borsalavoro.it
EURES in Italy
EURES Network
EURES (European Employment Services) is a network of co-operation
between the European Commission and the national public
employment services of the Member States.
The Italian EURES job offers can be seen directly on the web
(address: www.europa.eu.int/eures) and through the local
EURES Adviser, whose names and locations are listed in the
website www.lavoro.gov.it , as well as directly on the website of
the Commission
EURES- Provincia di Milano
Public Employment Services
I CENTRI PER L’IMPIEGO
• www.welfare.gov.it
• www.upinet.it
• www.isfol.it
Searching a job in Internet
www.monster.it/
www.mondolavoro.it/
www.cercolavoro.com/
www.cliccalavoro.it/
www.consulteque.com/ Professional e Freelance
www.espertidi.it/ Qualified
www.gojobsite.it/ English
www.jobonline.it/
www.it.jobpilot.ch/ German - French
www.okkupati.rai.it/
Newspapers
•“Il Sole 24 ore” on Monday
www.ilsole24ore.com
•“Italia Oggi”
www.italiaoggi.it
•“La Repubblica” Thursday
www.repubblica.it
•“Il Corriere della sera” Friday
www.corriere.it
•“La stampa”
•www.lastampa.it
•“Il messaggero.it”
•www.ilmessagero.it
Recruitment agencies
www.collocamentoprivato.com
•www.collocare.it
•www.emporiodeilavori.it
•www.job-on-line.com
•www.jobpoint.it
•www.laborgroup.it
•www.listedicollocamento.it
•www.media-work.it
•www.progettoimpiego.it
•www.sudlavoro.it
•www.unimpiego.it
•www.adecco.it
• www.manpower.it
• www.start-italia.it
• www.randstad.it
Interim
• www.welfare.gov.it
• www.prometheo.it/lavoro/interinale.html
• http://www.interinaleitalia.it/
• http://www.intertelecom.it/chisiamo.php?id=100
Call centers
• http://www.lavoroinrete.it/ (web)
Seasonal Work
• AGRICOLTURA
www.vinitaliaonline.net
www.infoimprese.it
www.monzaflora.it
www.geocities.com/az_agricoltura
www.pianteefioriditalia.it
• TOURISM
www.italyhotels.it
www.enit.it
www.jobintourism.it
www.centrirousseau.it
www.stelviopark.it
Running your own business
A BUSINESS OWNER MUST
•Be over 18
•Register with the chamber of commerce for
Industry Craft and Agriculture
•Have a business tax number (IVA-VAT)
•Possess the prerequisites for every area of
ownership
Working in the public sector
Public Contest
• One can participate by public competion, pending
recognition of prior study relevant to the contest. Certain
jobs are reserved only for Italian citizens (managerial &
strategics post, diplomats, law enforcement)
• Registration in the list for selection by a pubblic entity
(art.16) – must have lower school certificate and
professional qualificiation asked
• Call up of those registered in certain lists pertaining to
“protected categories” (that is disadvantaged persons such
as orphans, widows, victims of war, those with learning
and mobility difficolties)
Working in the private sector
Access via:
• Employment Centres
• Employment Agencies
• Eures
• Major daily newpapers
• Applying for potential postions
Living in Italy
Accommodation
Means of finding accomodation:
• Word of mouth
• Advertising
• Real Estate agents
Rented accommodation:
 Small flats: 450 € per month
 Small houses: 700 € - 900 € per month
 Rooms: 350 € per month
Large cities are more expensive and accommodation can
be difficult to find.
Prices
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Cigarettes
Loaf of bread
Sandwich
Cup of Coffee
Pint of beer
Glass of wine
Chocolate bar
Pizza
Cinema ticket
Short bus journey
Football match
Meal in a restaurant
4,20€
2,50€
1,50€
0,80€
3,30€
2,00€
1,00€
6,00€
7,00€
1,00€
25,00€
35,00€
Educational System
PRE-SCHOOL
Duration: 3 years
Primary School
Duration: 5 years
1st level secondary school
Duration: 3 years
Boys and girls can be registered from the age of 2 and a half.
Optional at the age of 5 and a half. Compulsory at the age of 6.
Introduction to a European language from the 2nd class. Use of the
computer.
Introduction of a second European language. Use of computer
technologies. Tutored guidance for the choice of the subsequent
pathway.
Possibility of choosing between two pathways: secondary schools
and education-vocational training.
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Duration: 5 years
8 fields: art, classics, human sciences, economics, linguistics, music,
science, technology.
EDUCATION-VOCATIONAL
TRAINING
Duration:variable, minimum
3 + 2 years
After 3 years, the first qualification spendable in the labour market
and recognised at the national and European level. Possibility of
gaining further qualifications spendable in the labour market and for
access to higher vocational training.
University Courses
Degree
3-year duration. This provides the students with basic
preparation, together with specific vocational skills.
Specialist Degree
2-year duration, with access after gaining the Degree. It
provides students with more qualified training on specific
subjects.
First- and Second-level
Master’s Degree
With access only after gaining the ordinary or specialist
degree. This provides the opportunity for advanced scientific
and vocational education with lifelong learning and continuing
training
Specialisation Course
The students are provided with specific knowledge and
abilities, in carrying out specific professional activities, also
considering the laws and directives issued by the EU.
PhD
Access is through a competitive exam, after gaining the
specialist degree. These are courses for perfectioning
methodologies for research and higher scientific training,
always in the same sector. These courses last 3 or 4 years.
Public Health System
•Foreign citizens in Italy are entitled to use public health service
•EU citizens with the old E111 or the European medical card TEAM
are entitled to urgent and necessary medical attention if they stay
less than 3 months
If they stay more than 3 months
•they need to be employed or registered at the CIF or to benefit of a
pension or to be a the holder of these E-forms:
E106 – E109 or E37 – E120 – E121 or E33)
•In any other case they need to have an health insurance
European Health Insurance
Card
• La ha sostituito il modulo E111 per i cittadini
EU che desiderano usufruire dell’ Assistenza
Sanitaria nei Paesi EU
Social Security System
The main organisations in this sector are the INPS and
INAIL.
• INPS (Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale National Social Security Institute) is the largest Italian
social security body and has jurisdiction with regard to
the compulsory social-security contributions that all
employers or self-employed workers must pay.
www.inps.it
• INAIL (Istituto Nazionale Assicurazioni Infortuni sul
Lavoro - National Institute of Insurance Against Accidents
at Work) has jurisdiction over accidents at work and
occupational diseases, for which benefits are paid.
INPS
ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DELLA
PREVIDENZA SOCIALE
(National Istitute of Social Welfare)
National Insurance is deducted from wages:
• Company with less than 15 employees (9,19%)
• Company with more than 15 employees (9,49%)
• Apprentice
(5,54%)
The amount you pay depends on how much you earn
Self-employed people must pay their own national
Insurance
INAIL
Istituto nazionale Assicurazione sul Lavoro e Malattie Professionali
National Insurance Institute Against Accident
at Work
• In case of an accident at work, an allowance
is provided by INAIL
• The employer is obliged to protect the
worker from the risk of possible injury or
illness at work
Unemployment Benefit
•Declaration of status (registration at
public employment service – CIF)
•At least 2 years assurance against
unemployment
• At least 52 weekly contributions in last
2 years before becoming unemployed
Tax System
• In the Italian judicial system there are two
tax categories:
• Direct and indirect:
• Direct tax affects income and property
• Indirect tax applies to tranfer of goods,
commercial transactions and consumers
Ministry of the Economy and Finance: www.finanze.it
Regional Tax Departments: www.agenziaentrate.it
Table of tax rates
INCOME BANDS
TAX RATE
up to 15.000 euro
23%
Over 15.000
Up to 28.000 euro
27%
Over 28.000
Up to 55.000 euro
38%
Over 55.600
Up to 75.000 euro
41%
Over 75.000
43%
CV/Resume
• Personal details: name, address, telephone numbers, e-mail,
nationality, date of birth and marital status, driving licence, car
• Education: describe the general content of your education, starting
from latest. Degree with marks years and exams. Diploma, other
qualification
• Work experience: Include a brief description of each job/position,
duration, field of activity, stages, starting from latest.
• Foreign languages: mother-tongue, spoken and written level,
certification (toefl, Delf,) system of learning.
• IT skills: systems (windows,unix), programmes (word,excel,pp)
internet .
• Hobby/personal Interests: non professional interests and leisure
activities, sport, visiting foreign countries, social activity, voluntary
service.
AT THE END “Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come da Dlgs 196/03
Cover letter
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Send a short letter with your CV or application form
1 page typed in Italian
Explain why you have the right skills for the job
Explain why you want to work for the company
Write a new letter for each application so it matches the
job description
• State when you can start work
AT THE END “Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come
da Dlgs 196/03”.
Interview
• Interviews are usally formal
• There may be more than one person
interviewing you
• Find out as much as you can about the
company
• Always dress smartly
Interview- frequent questions
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Why do you want to work in Italy?
Speak about yourself about what you did the last 2 years
Do you like travelling? reading? Your last travel, book…
Describe yourself with 3 adjectives
How do you judge yourself?
What do you know about our company?
If you could choose, what kind of job would you like to
do?
• What is your professional project?
• What is your personal style?What you don’t like to do?
Diploma and University Degree
• Obtained in another country are not
automatically recognized.
• Every submission is examined by the
relevant authority
• The general system does not apply to
regulated professions (G.P.’s, medical
specialists, nurses, dentists, ostetricians,
veterinarians, pharmacists, architects)
Recognition of Qualifications
• For UE recognition of qualification is governed by
Lisbon Convention that ratifies for member citizens the
right to recognition of higher learning qualifications
• There is a network of national information centresNARIC.)
www.enic-naric.net
www.cimea.it
Tips
People are strongly advised that:
• The ability to speak Italian is essential for
most jobs
• Search for a job online
• To look up the offers of the CIF
• To get in touch with an EURES Adviser
Useful documents
if you stay less than 3 months:
• Current identity card or passport
• Fiscal code number at Entries Agency
• CV and cover letter better in Italian
• Good Italian knowledge
• Experience and/or diploma
• European medical card TEAM
• Personal tax number (To obtain a tax number visit
the local tax office, with a valid identification
document
Useful links
• Embassies : www.embpage.org
• Centri per l’impiego:
www.welfare.gov.it/EuropaLavoro/Indirizzario
• Private agencies:
www.welfare.gov.it/EuropaLavoro/Indirizzario
• Police :
www.poliziadistato.it/pds/chisiamo/questure/link.htm
• Ministry of Finance: www.agenziaentrate.it/indirizzi
EURES Lombardy
Laura Robustini
Eures Adviser
[email protected]
Rosaria Petrillo
[email protected]
Carmen Segovia
[email protected]
EURES-Provincia di Milano
Polo Orientamento – Provincia di Milano
Via Soderini, 24 – 20146 Milano
Tel. +39 02 77406416
Fax. +39 02 77405094
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