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ESRF - INFN - Torino Personal pages

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ESRF - INFN - Torino Personal pages
European Synchrotron
Radiation Facility
(ESRF)
Grenoble (Fr)
• Members' share in contribution to the annual budget:
• 27.5% France
25.5% Germany
15% Italy
14% United Kingdom
4% Spain
4% Switzerland
6% Benesync (Belgium, The Netherlands)
4% Nordsync(Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden)
• Additional contributions
(percentages refer to Members' total contribution):
• 1% Portugal
1% Israel
1% Austria
1% Poland
1.05% Centralsync (Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia)
• Budget:The 2009 budget for operating the ESRF is 94 million Euros
(including funds dedicated to the Upgrade programme).Staff:About
600 people work at the ESRF.
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Visiting researchers: About 6000 researchers come each year at
the ESRF to carry out experiments.
•
Applications for beam time:More than 2000 applications are
received each year for beam time at the ESRF.Scientific
papers:Our users and staff publish about 1600 papers annually on
work carried out at the ESRF.
• Postal Address: ESRF, BP 220, 38043 GRENOBLE CEDEX 9,
FRANCE
• Address: ESRF, Polygone Scientifique Louis Néel, 6 rue Jules
Horowitz, 38000 GRENOBLE, FRANCE
• Phone / Fax: +33 (0)4 76 88 20 00 / 20 20
The three largest and most powerful synchrotrons in the world
APS, USA
ESRF, Europe-France
Spring-8, Japan
Bending magnets
Undulators
• A typical beamline
How cracks grow in steel
Watching grain nucleation
A perfect glass?
Metallic glass foams: a
macroscopic glass model?
What keeps a sand castle
together?
Materials
From metallic alloys and glass to semiconductors and even foams – all sorts of
materials can be studies at the ESRF beamlines. Experiments can be carried out in
situ, with modification of the operating conditions such as temperature, pressure,
magnetic or electric fields, chemical environment, and even with application of a
mechanical stress on the sample.
• Liquid crystals in columns for
flexible solar cells
• Self-assembled
quantum dots
• Magnetic nanoparticles
• Nanoporous materials
• Quantum dot crystals
Earth Science
Exploration of the world around us is at the origin of all natural sciences. Today,
at the ESRF, scientists obtain key information on a variety of mineral and
organic materials. Thus it is possible to reconstruct the history of our planet, to
improve environmental conditions and to invent a better future.
• High-pressure alloying of iron and magnesium
• Thermal conductivity in the mantle
• Study of glass from meteorite impact events
• Breathing of apples and pears
• Seeing inside fossils
Life sciences
The study of protein structures by macromolecular crystallography is essential
for better understanding the processes of life and finding more effective
medicines against diseases. Innovative radiotherapy techniques for treating
brain tumours are also developed at the ESRF biomedical beamline.
• Tracking the deadly influenza virus
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New clues on malaria
• Treatment of glioma
•
Neurodegenerative iron
• Repairing broken DNA
Fundamental physics
Research on fundamental questions extends our understanding of the
laws of nature and may lead to major discoveries. Quantum effects,
magnetism, order and disorder, surface properties, exotic electronic
behaviour and many more are studied at the ESRF
The mystery of fireballs
Unusual magnetic properties
Metal organic interface
Broken symmetry in deuterium
.
Order-disorder fluctuations in alloys
Challenges in chemistry
Many fundamental chemical, catalytic or biochemical
mechanisms are subjects of research at the ESRF. Access
to the dynamics of a reaction is now becoming possible due
to the exceptional brightness of synchrotron light
•
Photosynthetic oxygen formation
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Filming chemical reactions
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• Oil paintings found in ancient Buddhist caves
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Improving catalytic converters
• Chemical bonding in the nervous system
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Scientific Highlights
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High resolution and resonance scattering
Materials sience
Soft condensed matter
Structural biology
Surface and interface science
X-ray absorption and magnetic scattering
X-ray imaging and oprics
Methods and instrumentation
Accelerator and X-ray sources
Tesi di ricerca recenti
• -Observation of antiferromegnetic domains in
cobalt fluoride (CoF2) by SR X-ray imaging
using the inverse piezomagnetic effect.
• Studio della regione di coesistenza di fase fan e
ferromagnetica in un cristallo di MnP in
prossimita’ del punto triplo.
• Use of X-ray reflectometry and simulated
annealing for multilayered film characterization.
Persone che hanno svolto tesi di ricerca a ESRF
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Elisabetta Brunello
Viviana Cristiglio
Pro Tiziana
Paola Pino
Aimo Francesco
Masiello Fabio
Demian S.
Diemoz D
Ghigo David
Federico Segato
Genziana Bussone
Opportunita’ offerte
• Stage di dodici mesi presso ESRF
• Borsa di studio o contributo spese per
soggiorno a Grenoble
• Possibilita’ di continuare in ambito di
dottorato di ricerca a ESRF, a ILL o a
CNRS
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