...

Sede - Istituto Nazionale di Ottica

by user

on
Category: Documents
8

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

Sede - Istituto Nazionale di Ottica
30 giugno 2009
Physical Sciences Panel
Speaker:
Paolo De Natale
CNR-INOA Headquarters,
Florence
Largo Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze
Tel. +39 055 23081 - Fax +39 055 233 7755
HISTORY
… thanks to the
Italian Optical Association,
after the meeting in Padova in 1927,
The Istituto Nazionale di Ottica of Arcetri is founded,
transforming the existing
Precision Optical and Mechanical
Laboratory…
HISTORY
III National Exhibition of Optical Instruments (Florence, May1934):
At the end of the visit, Guglielmo Marconi congratulates with Prof. Ronchi
HISTORY
… the National Research Council,
whose pre-eminent task is to awake and to promote the
Scientific National organization’s conscience, today is
glad to ascertain that the Optical Italian Association and
the Institute which gives hospitality to it and which
collaborates with it, the Royal National Institute of Optics,
may aspire to the most desired title of merit towards the
country.
HISTORY
With this magnificent active the first decade of life of this
Companionship closes, and the meeting that rightly we
inaugurate in Florence, the town custodian of the Galileian
traditions and lucky cradle and headquarters of many
Florentine Optical Institutions, will mark the beginning of a
new period…
Rome , June 10th1936
Guglielmo Marconi
CNR President
HISTORY
The Institute building in 1927
CNR-INOA Today
The Institute building in 2009
CNR-INOA Today
INOA research activities are
housed in several facilities and
laboratories
spread
countrywide.
FIRENZE
CNR-INOA (today)
 the headquarter
 2 units
 7 laboratories
CNR-INOA Florence
The headquarter is located in Arcetri,
the historical site. Five other
facilities/labs are present on the
territory:
FIRENZE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Physics Dept.
LENS
Certification Lab., Capalle
Optical Metrology Lab. c/o OPD
Bio-medical Lab. c/o AOC
CNR-INOA
The 2 units: Napoli and Lecce
Milano
Two units of INOA are
operating in two Obiettivo 1
regions:
 Pozzuoli (Na)
 Arnesano (Le)
Venezia
FIRENZE
Napoli
Lecce
Two Optical Metrology Labs
for
Cultural
Heritage
Diagnostics
were
also
opened:
 Milano
 Venezia
STAFF
Staff
Quantity
Permanent staff
71
research scientists
44
technicians
15
administrative personnel 12
Grants
17
Scholarships
3
Collaborators with contract
6
Associated scientists
13
EXTERNAL FUNDS 2003-2008
Funding sources
FONDI - SUDDIVISIONE PER PROVENIENZA
€ 3.000.000,00
€ 2.500.000,00
€ 2.000.000,00
€ 1.500.000,00
€ 1.000.000,00
€ 500.000,00
€-
2003
2004
Consulting
2005
Proventi per attività conto terzi
2006
2007
2008
2009
Institutional projects
Progetti Istituzionali
Fondi ordinari
per funzionamento
Fondi ordinari
per Ricerca
Ordinary
funds
for functioning
Ordinary
research funds
Prossimi
anni
PROJECTS
(FIRB young scientists + PRIN) /
Researchers
Progetti/Ricercatore
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
Progetti/Ricercatore
30%
20%
10%
0%
IAC
IBF
ICIB
IFAC
IFN
INOA
IMM
IMIP
INFM
DMD Institutes
IPCF
ISC
ISM
IMEM
DIGITALIZING CNR-INOA
 Web interface for accessing/editing/entering:

CNR "Commesse/moduli" info, Research products;

Research groups/personal info;

Calls for job, Master/Ph.D. thesis offers;

News, Conference organizations, Event/seminar announcements, Press review;

Time-sheet/lunch-tickets management;

Administrative/scientific document sharing, Internal bureaucracy (forms), Library
catalogue.
 Legally valid digital-signature for all documents
 Web interface for internal management of:

Holiday requests;

Mission/purchase orders.
CNR-INOA Activities
1
2
3
4
Research
Education
Collaborations with Private Companies (R&D)
Activities towards Public Institutions
4CNR-INOA and Public End-Users
 INOA develops a variety of optical and/or optoelectronic devices in
the framework of research projects whose end-users are public
Institutions, such as:
 ESA,
 ASI,
 Universities,
 Research Centers,
 National museums,
 Soprintendenze (locally based offices of the Italian Ministero per
i Beni e le Attività Culturali).
 Main applications are in Aerospace, Environmental Physics and
Cultural Heritage.
4
Public End-Users all over the world …
Kiruna
Saint Petersburg
London
Brno
Paris
Besancon Berlin
Thessalonik
i
New York
Washingto
n
Cape
Canaveral
Metropolitan
Museum
National Gallery
Hermitage Museum
Moravian Gallery
National Gallery of
Art
S. Euthimios
Chapel
Musée des BeauxArts
Cultural Heritage
Gemäldegalerie
Ouagadougou
Aracatuba
Darwin
Kennedy Space
Center
Aerospace
measurement campaign AMMA, TROCCINOX, SCOUTO3, EUPLEX
Environmental Physics
4… and in Italy
Verona
Venezia
Ferrara
FIRENZE
San Sepolcro
Perugia
L’Aquila
Roma
Napoli
Cultural Heritage
Pisa
Environmental Physics
Milano
Osservatorio Vesuviano-INGV
Dip. Chimica Fisica e Inorganica, Univ. BO
Dip. Scienze Ambientali, II Univ. NA
Dip. Scienze della Terra, Univ. FI
ASI
IACSA
Museo dell’Accademia FI
IASF-INAF
Museo di Brera
IFAC-CNR
Museo dell’Accademia VE
ISAC-CNR
Galleria Nazionale
dell’Umbria
Museo Civico AR
Museo di Capodimonte
Galleria Naz. Arte Antica
IFAC-CNR
Brindisi IRSOO
Istituto MARS LENS
Lecce IASF-INAF
Dip. Fisica, Università di FE
IACSA
Dip. Ing. Informatica, Univ.
LENS
SI
IFAC-CNR
Isti. di Neurofisiologia del CNR
Dip. Astronomia - Università di FI
Dip. Fisica - Politecnico MI
Aerospace
4MAIN SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATIONS
Abroad
In Italy



























Geophysica GEIE (EU)
DLR (D); FZK (D)
Fraunhofer IFU (D)
CNRS (F)
Tel Aviv University (Israele)
Politecnico Zurigo (CH)
Royal Univ.-Stockholm (SE)
Osservatorio Neuchatel (CH)
Univ. Paris Sud (F)
Harvard University (USA)
Optoelectronics Centre (UK)
Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik (D)
Universidad Complutense (E)
Boston University (USA)
Lund Institute of Technology (Lund, SE)
Queen’s Univ., Dept. of Chemistry
(Canada)
 Cranfield Univ., Optical Sensors Group






INFN
INGV
II University of Naples
Physics Dept. Politecnico of Milan
ICIB- CNR
IMM-CNR, Naples and Bologna
Univ. of Pavia
Univ. of Ferrara
Univ. of Florence
LENS
Chemistry Dept., University of
Bologna
IFAC-CNR
ISAC-CNR
INAF
INRIM, Torino
Dept. Protezione Civile
…
3CNR-INOA and Industry
 INOA has well established relationships with many industries
located in the Florentine area dealing with optics, lasers and optical
components.
 INOA acts both as a consultant and as a provider of services to
industries in optical related fields, whereas companies also contact
INOA to fullfill tasks in the frame of national and international
collaborations.
3
INOA industrial partners (Europe and USA)
Avanex Inc. (USA)
Verhaert Space
(BEL)
Holoeye Photonics Corp. Lambda X (BEL)
Alcatel Alenia Space
(USA)
(F)
AMO (USA)
Stetson Ass. (USA)
Astrium (GER)
Alpes Lasers (CH)
Lyncée Tech. S.A.
(CH)
BIAS (GER)
EADS (GER)
3INOA industrial partners
(Italy and Florentine
Area)
Lecco
Vicenza
Milano
Torino
Bologna
Genova
FIRENZE
Arezzo
Livorno
Sassari
Roma
L’Aquila
Isernia
Napoli
Matera
ADS International
Alcatel Alenia Space Italia
Andromeda
Carlo Gavazzi Space
Assemblad
CETACE
BIOMERIEUX Italia spa
CSO
CETACE (Lab. di
D`Appolonia
Firenze Tecnologia)
EDISON spa
CSO
El.En.
ELSAG Finmeccanica Duralamp
El.En. S.p.A.
ENEL Ricerca
Galileo Avionica S.p.A.
FATIF
General Project
Galileian plus
Gestione Silo
Galileo Avionica
ID Design
General Project
LAV
Kaiser Italia
SEAC srl
LAV
Sodi Scientifica
Mars-Telespazio
Targetti sankey s.p.a.
New Tera Tech.
Tecno Sistem
SACMI
SHAP
SIRIO PANEL
SIT
Targetti Sankey
3From “Il Sole 24 Ore” January 2
2008
It is one of the most
advanced sectors in the
Florentine economy: the
optical sector involves
about 60 firms …
… It is a segment asking
for coordination and
above all
for stronger support from
public institution
.
nd
2EDUCATION
CNR-INOA is operating in different fields of education:
 University degree courses
 Post doc courses
 Distance learning
 Outreach and Public Awareness of Science (e.g science festival and
exhibition)
 Professional education (e.g. industry-focused short courses, custom
programs designed to meet specific business needs).
1CNR-INOA Major Research Lines
 Development and technologies, materials and
applications to quantum optics and spectroscopy.
devices
for
 Optical devices for industrial applications: diagnostic, development
and characterization of new sources and optical components.
 Optical devices and methodologies for the Cultural Heritage.
 Development of optical diagnostic techniques: microscopy and
interferometry.
1Main Research Activities I
 Quantum Optics: quantum properties of light; radiation-matter
interactions (high-intensity interaction, ultrashort-pulse interaction);
novel coherent sources.
 Nonlinear Optics: highly nonlinear phenomena (high-order laser
harmonic generation in the extreme ultraviolet); chaotic dynamics of
lasers; micro/nano components.
 Spectroscopy: high sensitivity and high precision techniques in
difficult-to-access spectral ranges; optical frequency synthesizers
(frequency combs).
 Interferometry: techniques for the diagnostics of materials and
processes; interferometric lithography for the realization of
nanoscale and microscale structures; holography; OCT.
1Main Research Activities II
 Microscopy: coherent optics for the study of materials and micro
devices; holographic, confocal and AFM microscopy.
 Sources: new architectures for lasers and coherent sources, also
using nanostructured materials.
 Optical systems: optical calculation; development and realization of
advanced prototypes; micro/nano lenses in liquid phase;
opto/microfluidics.
 Optical Metrology: metrological techniques; accurate measurement
of the physical parameters of optical components; characterization
of optical components; photometry and colorimetry.
 Visual Science: lighting engineering, ophthalmic optics, visual
perception.
1Application fields
Environment: sensors for measuring physical-chemical parameters
operating in the most diverse environmental conditions from volcanic
calderas to stratospheric planes; measurement campaigns all over the
world.
Cultural Heritage: instruments and techniques for the diagnostics and
monitoring of works of art; in situ measurements in the most important
museums all around the world in the frame of international collaborations
and projects.
Industry and Space: high power continuous and pulsed laser sources in
the framework of European Space Agency (ESA) projects; design and
testing of optical components and systems (ordered by ESA, ASI and
related companies).
Energy: high efficiency solar collectors; design and field-deployment of
sensors for geothermal site monitoring.
Biotechnology:
devicesandand
equipments
based
Most of the consulting
certification
activity
is inonthemicroscopy,
fields of
interferometry,
coherent sources
and lighting
nonlinear
crystals. and testing of
radiometry,
photometry,
colorimetry,
engineering
1SOLAR COLLECTORS LABORATORY
Competencies:
 Optical project and testing of
optical systems
 Radiometry, Photometry, Lighting
simulation
 Innovative and original solar tracking systems
 Design of solar simulators
 Development of optical set-up for CPV testing
 Study of collection optics for concentration on PV cells
 Optical controls on heliostats or other solar optical components
 Solar devices for the detoxification of polluted waters
1Main projects of the SOLAR COLLECTORS
LAB
SALTO “Solar Assisted cooLing Toscana” Progetto Integrato di Ricerca
POR Ob.3 Toscana 2000-2006 Misura D4.
CESARE “Concentrated PV combinEd SolAR Energy system”
finanziato dalla Regione TOSCANA 2008-2009.
SCOOP “Italian Solar Concentration TechOnologies for Photovoltaic
systems” Industria 2015 –Bando Efficienza Energetica.
PIACE “Piattaforma intelligente, Integrata e Adattativa di
microCogenerazione ad elevata Efficienza per usi residenziali” Industria
2015 - Bando Efficienza Energetica
Collaborations with ENEA (Centro Ricerca Portici-NA): Phocus Project
(2003), Solar Simulator (2005), ELIOSLAB Project (2008/9).
1Project STAR -
High Efficiency Thermodynamic
Solar
Aim: development of a demonstrator of a high efficiency solar concentrator
based on the adaptive optics technology for the most recent astronomical
telescopes.
An innovative concentrator is formed by
~ 70 modules that can change their
shape according to the height of the Sun
over the horizon. The set of modules
redirects the light onto a secondary
mirror located in the center of rotation
from which light reaches the final
converter.
funding from Regione Toscana 520.000
CNR-INOA partners:
€
 INAF
 IBIMET-CNR (FI)
 Ronda High Tech (VI)
 Dept. of Energetics, Univ. of Florence
 Dept. of Astronomy and Space Science, Univ. of
Florence
1Volcanic monitoring
Le Scienze, January 2008
1Atmospheric monitoring
Geophysica
stratospheric
platform
AUSTRALIA
CO concentration (ppbV) COLD INSTRUMENT
M55 altitude (km)
BRAZIL
1Optical non-linear effects
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2005
Theodor W. Hänsch
“ … for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy,
including the optical frequency comb technique "
The birth of frequency combs
1Extending the COMB to the INFRARED
Development of innovative sources
for:
l
 High-precision spectroscopy on the
strongest molecular transitions.
 High-sensitivity trace gas detection.
 Infrared metrology.
 Difference frequency generation
Ultra-stable, widely tunable and
absolutely linked mid-IR coherent
source, I. Galli et al., Opt. Express 17,
9582-9587 (2009)
 Quantum Cascade Lasers
1Quantum Cascade Lasers
Liquid
Nitrogen
collaboration with Federico Capasso Group
Harvard University
collaboration with Jerome Faist Group
ETH Zürich
FET-Open project successfully
passed the first evaluation stage
Peltier
From pioneering
Coolers
spectroscopy with cryogenic QCLs
…
… to the design of room
temperature compact mid-IR
sources...
Recent publications on QCLs:
• Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy with a quantum cascade laser
at
4.3
μm,
S. Bartalini et al., Opt. Express 17, 7440-7449 (2009).
• Lamb-dip-locked quantum cascade laser for comb-referenced IR
absolute
frequency measurements, S. Borri et al., Opt. Express 16, 11637
(2008).
• Frequency-comb-referenced quantum-cascade laser at 4.4 m, S.
Bartalini et al., Opt. Lett. 32, 988-990 (2007).
Participants:
 Leeds, UK
 CNRS, France (Carlo Sirtori)
 Paris Sud, France
 CNR-INOA, Italy
 NTT, Italy
… to the development of next generation
THz laser sources and their applications.
1Quantum optics
Watching the particle-to-wave transition of light
Fundamental physical processes
Advanced, single-photon level, diagnostic
techniques
1Quantum engineering of light
First direct observation of the noncommutativity of bosonic operators:
1Quantum Engineering of Light
Next tasks:
 Generation of arbitrary superpositions of quantum operators
 Quantitative verification of the bosonic commutation relations
[M. S. Kim, H. Jeong, A. Zavatta, V. Parigi, and M. Bellini Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,
260401 (2008)]
Future perspectives:
 Fundamental tests of quantum physics
 Full engineering of light for quantum information technologies
 Development of new sources and devices for quantum communication
and computation
Thank you for your attention
For further information
www.inoa.it
Fly UP