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U.S Mission to UNESCO

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U.S Mission to UNESCO
Joining the UNESCO family of
Designated Sites: Benefits and
Responsibilities
Philippe Pypaert
UNESCO Venice Office
http://www.unesco.org/venice
http://www.unesco.org/venice
"since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of
men that the defences of peace must be constructed".
http://www.unesco.org/venice
After Rio+20… THE FUTURE WE WANT
“learning to develop
sustainably in an age of
limits”…
http://www.unesco.org/venice
E
ducation
• Education is a fundamental human right and the foundation for human
fulfilment, peace, sustainable development, economic growth, decent work,
gender equality and responsible global citizenship.
• Education for All (EFA) coordinated by UNESCO since 1990, and educationrelated MDGs have yielded unprecedented progress and need to be continued
in the post 2015 agenda.
• Education for sustainable development and global citizenship and the
appreciation for cultural diversity is integral part of it.
http://www.unesco.org/venice
S
ciences
• Science is critical to eradicate poverty and ensure sustainable development. It
must be mobilized at multiple scales, across disciplines and knowledge
systems to ensure sustainable development and the implementation of SDGs.
• The post-2015 decision-making needs to rely on a strong science-policy
interface as a means to manage and mobilize scientific as well as local and
indigenous knowledge systems to identify and implement solutions, to
effectively use large datasets, to fill data gaps, to improve knowledge
management, and to monitor progresses towards SD.
http://www.unesco.org/venice
C
ulture
• Culture is an essential component of human development. It represents a
source of identity, innovation and creativity.
• Culture is an important factor for social inclusion and poverty eradication,
providing for sustainable economic growth and job creation, economic
resilience and sustainable use of resources as well as sustainable tourism.
• Culture further reinforces the ownership of development policies and
effectiveness in their implementation.
• Mobilizing the power of culture – through cultural and natural heritage and
creative industries – can catalyze transformative change.
http://www.unesco.org/venice
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http://www.unesco.org/venice
“The Failed States Index” – Foreign Policy, January 2015
Rank
Country
Score
1
Somalia
113,9
2
Congo
111,9
3
Sudan
111,0
4
South Sudan
110,6
5
Chad
109,0
6
Yemen
107,0
7
Afghanistan
106,7
8
Haiti
105,3
9
Central Africa Republic
105,0
10
Zimbabwe
105,2
11
Iraq
103,9
12
Côte d’Ivoire
103,5
13
Pakistan
102,9
14
Guinea
101,3
15
Guinea Bissau
101,1
16
Nigeria
100,7
17
Kenya
99,6
18
Niger
99,0
19
Ethiopia
98,9
20
Burundi
97,6
http://www.unesco.org/venice
http://www.unesco.org/venice
Our Ecological Footprint…
http://www.unesco.org/venice
Our Ecological Footprint…
SD occurs when all humans can
have fulfilling lives without
degrading our planet. In the
diagram, the SD box is defined
by the EF and the HDI, an
indicator of socioeconomic
development.
http://www.unesco.org/venice
THE BIOSPHERE RESERVE MODEL
(after Seville 1995)
Biosphere Reserve Model
 Core area(s)
R Research station
or experimental
research site
T
 Buffer zone(s)
M
 Transition area(s)
R
M Monitoring
E
R
T
E Education/training
T Tourism
http://www.unesco.org/venice
THE 3 FUNCTIONS OF A BIOSPHERE RESERVE
(after Seville 1995)
Conservation in situ of
natural and semi-natural
ecosystems / landscapes
Conservation
Sustainable
use
Demonstration areas for ecologically
and socio-culturally sustainable use;
Logistic support for research,
monitoring, education, training and
information exchange
Logistic
support
http://www.unesco.org/venice
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THE EXAMPLE OF THE MONVISO BR
http://www.unesco.org/venice
THE EXAMPLE OF THE MONVISO BR
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THE EXAMPLE OF THE PO DELTA (FUTURE) BR
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THE EXAMPLE OF THE PO DELTA (FUTURE) BR
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THE EXAMPLE OF THE WIENERWALD BR
Transition Area
80.229 ha = 76%
Core Area
Buffer Zone
5.576 ha = 5%
19.840 ha = 19%
Outer transition area
Buffer zone
Core area
http://www.unesco.org/venice
Conservation
Sustainability
Logistic
support
http://www.unesco.org/venice
To visit a Biosphere Reserve to learn about...
Local environment?
Local culture?
Conservation
Sustainable
use
Local practices?
Have I understood something about
the global challenge of SD?
Am I changing something in my way of
living?
Logistic
support
http://www.unesco.org/venice
To visit a Biosphere Reserve to learn about...
Local environment?
Local culture?
Conservation
Sustainable
use
Local practices?
Have I understood something about
the global challenge of SD?
Am I changing something in my way
of living?
Logistic
support
http://www.unesco.org/venice
http://www.unesco.org/venice
http://www.unesco.org/venice
Grazie
http://www.unesco.org/venice
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